Bhubaneswar

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Bhubaneswar, a night view

Bhubaneswar also spelled Bhubaneshwar (Oriya: ଭୁବନେଶ୍ୱର Bhubanēswara; pronunciation (help•info)), is the capital of the Indian state of Odisha, formerly known as Orissa.

Quotes[edit]

  • The city consists of the old quarter, containing about 30 ancient temples, and a planned township built after 1948, when the capital was moved there from Cuttack.
  • Bhubaneswar before becoming the capital of Orissa in 1948 had been a temple town. As a temple town it prospered and thrived, becoming an important Hindu cultural and religious center...it is generally believed that the town probably developed around the Lingaraj temple, erected to commemorate Lord Shiva. Thus the name Bhubaneshwar – the Lord of the Three Worlds: Tribhuvaneshvara.
  • ...the city’s character alternated with Buddhism, Jainism, Shaivism, and Vaishnavismreligions which found a home in Bhubaneswar at one time or another with the changing dynasties of Kalinga, the ancient name for Orissa. The presence of different religions gave Bhubaneswar its pluralistic character, but not without making the Oriya people suspicious of outsiders;m and it also gave Bhubaneshar its definite religious character, which has endured into the present.
    • Ravi Kalia, in “Bhubaneswar: From a Temple Town to a Capital City (2004)”, p.xi
  • This temple, Lingaraja Temple is an important pilgrimage site for all Hindus. Pilgrims from North India and Assam, and Bengal, in particular make a point of praying here before going on south to worship at the Jagannath temple.
    • Usha Menon, in “Seeking Mahadevi: Constructing the Identities of the Hindu Great Goddess (14 June 2001)”, p.37
  • There is also an open air Tantric temple to the south of Bhubaneshwar that is dedicated to the sixty-four yoginis, each of whom is associated with a particular yogic ability. It is said that people still worship the sixty-four yoginis here on New Moon (amavasya) nights.
    • Usha Menon, in “Seeking Mahadevi: Constructing the Identities of the Hindu Great Goddess (14 June 2001)”, p.38

Urban development[edit]

An urban area
  • ...history is reflected in the present-day appearance of the city, with the old city centre in the vicinity of the Lingaraj temple , and the far bigger new part of the city, the core of which was planned by German architect Otto Königsberger in the late 1940s. The layout of the new streets is very spacious, as are the parcels of the government buildings, with many trees and green areas along and inside them, respectively.
  • ...the modern administrative city that only came into being after 1948, [is] now capital to around 37 million Orissans.
    • Hannes Bartl, in "Urban Development of Bhubaneswar (24 June 2011}"
Urban sprawl
  • What makes Bhubaneswar a special case is the fact that there are wide areas inside the city limits that can be developed into modern urban, densely populated quarters rather than allowing the city to sprawl excessively.
    • Hannes Bartl, in "Urban Development of Bhubaneswar (24 June 2011}"
  • We want a good architect and Town Planner to help us in preparing a scheme for [Bhubaneshwar]...The remuneration which will be paid to Dr. H Otto Koenigsberger, may be settled by mutual agreement.
    • Ravi Kalia quoting a letter addressed by Premier Mahtab of Orissa to the Mysore Government in December 1947, in “Bhubaneswar: From a Temple Town to a Capital City (1994)”, p,125
  • I am looking forward to the opportunity of helping you in this bold and interesting scheme.
    • Dr.H. Otto Koenigsberger’s reply after the Government of Mysore had agreed to spare his services. However, soon after this he accepted the Directorship of the Department of Housing in the health Ministry of the Government of India at Delhi. Quoted in p.125
  • I do not know if they [Health Ministry] will be able to spare him [Koenigsberger], for any length of time but I suppose he can go to Orissa from time to time.
...was conceived as a modern new town based on neighborhood planning concept by the internationally acclaimed urban planner, Dr.H. Otto Koenigsberger.
  • The Bhubaneswar region, conceived after independence, has experienced tremendous growth.
    • Urban Odisha, in "Perspective Plan – VISION 2030 and Comprehensive Development Plan for Bhubaneswar – Cuttack Urban Complex: A Concept Paper"
  • Administrative and institutional activities have contributed to the increase in the volume of trade and commerce activity.
    • Urban Odisha, in "Perspective Plan – VISION 2030 and Comprehensive Development Plan for Bhubaneswar – Cuttack Urban Complex: A Concept Paper".
  • Bhubaneswar, well connected with the city of Cuttack (30 km) through rail and road linkages (NH-5 and Howrah-Chennai Rail route), has tremendous potential to act as a complimentary growth center to Kolkata in the Eastern Region for trade and commerce.
    • Urban Odisha, in "Perspective Plan – VISION 2030 and Comprehensive Development Plan for Bhubaneswar – Cuttack Urban Complex: A Concept Paper".

External links[edit]

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