James Mill (April 6, 1773 – June 23, 1836) was a Scottish utilitarian philosopher of the school of Jeremy Bentham; also an economist, historian and political theorist. He was the father of the political philosopher John Stuart Mill.
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- The government and the people are under a moral necessity of acting together; a free press compels them to bend to one another.
- The Edinburgh Review, vol. 18 (1811), p. 121
- No good government can ever want more than two things for its support: 1st, Its own excellence; and, 2dly, a people sufficiently instructed, to be aware of that excellence. Every other pretended support, must ultimately tend to its subversion, by lessening its dependence upon these.
- The Edinburgh Review, vol. 21 (1813), pp. 217-18
- If nature had produced spontaneously all the objects which we desire, and in sufficient abundance for the desires of all, there would have been no source of dispute or of injury among men; nor would any man have possessed the means of ever acquiring authority over another.
- "Government", in Supplement to the 4th, 5th and 6th Editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica (Edinburgh: Archibald Constable, 1824) vol. 4, p. 491
- Whenever the powers of government are placed in any hands other than those of the community, whether those of one man, of a few, or of several, those principles of human nature which imply that government is at all necessary, imply that those persons will make use of them to defeat the very end for which government exists.
- "Government", in Supplement to the 4th, 5th and 6th Editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica (Edinburgh: Archibald Constable, 1824) vol. 4, p. 493
About James Mill
- His place is an eminent one in the literary, and even in the political history of his country; and it is far from honourable to the generation which has benefited by his worth, that he is so seldom mentioned, and, compared with men far his inferiors, so little remembered.
- John Stuart Mill, Autobiography (1873), Ch. 6.