Jean-Paul Marat

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Jean-Paul Marat

Jean-Paul Marat (May 24 1743July 13 1793) was a Swiss-born physician, philosopher and scientist who would become one of the most influential men of the French Revolution through his newspapers and pamphlets, especially L'Ami du peuple (Friend of the People). He was stabbed to death in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday.

Sourced[edit]

  • Five or six hundred [aristocratic] heads lopped off would have assured you repose and happiness; a false humanity has restrained your arm and suspended your blows; it will cost the lives of millions of your brothers.
    • L'Ami du peuple, vol. 2, p. 1121
  • Robertspiere [sic], Robertspiere alone in vain raised his voice against the perfidious decree regarding superior conscripts, but his voice was muffled.
    • L'Ami du peuple (1790-12-05), as cited in Robespierre (1910-67), vol. 6, p. 611
    • Note: the mispelling of Maximilien Robespierre's name appears in the original, as many writers in France during this stage of the Revolution were unsure of the correct spelling.
Jean-Paul Marat
  • People, give thanks to the gods! Your most redoubtable enemy has fallen beneath the scythe of Fate. Riquetti [Mirabeau] is no more; he dies victim of his numerous treasons, victim of his too tardy scruples, victim of the barbarous foresight of his atrocious accomplices. Adroit rogues who are to be found in all circles have sought to play upon your pity, and already duped by their false discourse, you mourn this traitor as the most zealous of your defenders; they have represented his death as a public calamity, and you bewail him as a hero, as the savior of your country, who has sacrificed himself for you. Will you always be deaf to the voice of prudence; will you always sacrifice public affairs to your blindness? …Beware of prostituting your incense.
    • L'Ami du peuple, vol. 5 (1791-04-04), pp. 2649-50
    • Immediately after the death of Mirabeau, Marat was the only writer who wrote against him; as would later be discovered, Mirabeau had been conspiring with the royal family.
  • I believe in the cutting off of heads.
    • Quoted in Archives parlementaires, vol. 52, p. 158
  • Robespierre listened to me with terror. He grew pale and silent for some time. This interview confirmed me in the opinion that I always had of him, that he unites the knowledge of a wise senator with the integrity of a thoroughly good man and the zeal of a true patriot but that he is lacking as a statesman in clearness of vision and determination.
    • L'Ami du peuple, vol. 7, p. 3965
  • I propose that the Convention shall decree complete freedom in the expression of opinion, so that I may send to the scaffold the faction [Gironde] that voted for my impeachment.
    • Quoted in Thompson (1989), p. 181
The death of Marat, J. L. David (1793)
  • No, liberty is not made for us: we are too ignorant, too vain, too presumptious, too cowardly, too vile, too corrupt too attached to rest and to pleasure, too much slaves to fortune to ever know the true price of liberty. We boast of being free! To show how much we have become slaves, it is enough just to cast a glance on the capital and examine the morals of its inhabitants.
  • To form a truly free constitution, that’s to say, truly just and wise, the first point, the main point, the capital point, is that all the laws be agreed on by the people, after considered reflection, and especially having taken time to see what’s at stake…
    • Letter to Camille Desmoulins (1792-06-24) in Œuvres de Desmoulins p. 76ff
  • How could liberty ever have established itself amongst us? Apart from several tragic scenes, the revolution has been nothing but a web of farcical scenes… But it is in the nation’s senate that the most grotesque parades have taken place.
  • Fifty years of anarchy await you, and you will emerge from it only by the power of some dictator who will arise- a true statesman and patriot. O prating people, if you did but know how to act!

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