A Muslim or Moslem is an adherent of the religion of Islam. Literally, the word means "one who submits (to God)". Muslim is the participle of the same verb of which Islam is the infinitive. Muslims believe that there is only one God, called Allah in Arabic, and that Islam existed long before Muhammad though it was not called that until the revelation of Surah al-Ma'ida, which states: "This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion." All Muslims observe Sunnah, but differences in the definition of what is and what is not Sunnah has led to the emergence of sectarian movements. Current use of "Muslim" is defined in the Amman Message. A literal translation would be "one who wants or seeks wholeness", where "wholeness" translates islāmun. In a religious sense, Al-Islām translates to "faith, piety", and Muslim to "one who has (religious) faith or piety". Muslims who accept the Sunnah as defined within one of the traditional Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi or Hanbali madh'habs are classical Sunni Muslims. The next largest faction, that of Shia Islam regard Ali as the second most important figure after Prophet Muhammad. Others, such as the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, are also known as being organised and disciplined communities, with varying degrees of acceptance among various factions. Sufism is defined by its adherents as the inner, mystical dimension of Islam. The feminine form of muslimun is muslimatun and a female adherent is a Muslimah. Mu'min is an Arabic term frequently referenced in the Qur'an, meaning "believer", and denoting a person that has complete submission to the will of Allah.
- At the beginning of the twentieth century, every single leading Muslim intellectual was in love with the west, and wanted their countries to look just like Britain and France. Some of them even said that the Europeans … were better Muslims than they themselves, because their modern society had enabled them to create a fairer and more just distribution of wealth, than was possible in their pre-modern climates, and that accorded more perfectly with the vision of the Quran.
Then there was the experience of colonialism under Britain and France, experiences like Suez, the Iranian revolution, Israel, and some people, not all by any means… have allowed this ... these series of disasters to corrode into hatred.
- I would like to stress that I did not come into contact with any Muslim before I embraced Islam. I read the Qur'an first and realized no person is perfect, Islam is perfect, and if we imitate the conduct of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him), we will be successful. May Allah give us guidance to follow the path of the Ummah of Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him).
- Ever since I became a Muslim … I've had to deal with attempts to damage my reputation and countless insinuations seeking to cast doubt on my character and trying to connect me to causes, concepts or sayings which I do not and would never wilfully subscribe to.
- Farhad was also taught that any Muslim working with the Americans in Afghanistan was no longer a Muslim, but a "munafiq," a pretend Muslim. It was written in the Quran, Farhad was assured.
- Robert Baer regarding the indoctrinations of the Taliban, albas quoted in "A Talk With a Suicide Bomber" in TIME magazine (20 July 2007)
- Islam does not permit a non-Muslim to rule over Muslims.
- Islam, followed by more than a billion people today, is the world's fastest growing religion and will soon be the world's largest. The 1.2 billion Muslims make up approximately one quarter of the world's population, and the Muslim population of the United States now outnumbers that of Episcopalians. The most populous Muslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India.