Paul Carus

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Paul Carus

Paul Carus (18 July 1852 – 11 February 1919) was a German-American author, editor, a student of comparative religion, and philosopher.


  • The deva asked,
    What causes ruin in the world?
    What breaks off friendships?
    What is the most violent fever?
    Who is the best physician?"

    The Blessed One replied,
    Ruin in the world is caused by ignorance;
    friendships are broken off by envy and selfishness;
    the most violent fever is hatred;
    the best physician is the Buddha.
  • The truth is that other systems of geometry are possible, yet after all, these other systems are not spaces but other methods of space measurements. There is one space only, though we may conceive of many different manifolds, which are contrivances or ideal constructions invented for the purpose of determining space.
  • Pythagoras says that number is the origin of all things, and certainly the law of number is the key that unlocks the secrets of the universe. But the law of number possesses an immanent order, which is at first sight mystifying, but on a more intimate acquaintance we easily understand it to be intrinsically necessary; and this law of number explains the wondrous consistency of the laws of nature.
    • Paul Carus, Reflections on Magic Squares; Monist, Vol. 16 (1906), p. 139. Reported in: Moritz (1914, 260)
  • There is no science which teaches the harmonies of nature more clearly than mathematics.
    • Paul Carus, Andrews: Magic Squares and Cubes, (Chicago, 1908), Introduction. Reported in: Moritz (1914, 45)
  • Infinity is the land of mathematical hocus pocus. There Zero the magician is king. When Zero divides any number he changes it without regard to its magnitude into the infinitely small [great?], and inversely, when divided by any number he begets the infinitely great [small?]. In this domain the circumference of the circle becomes a straight line, and then the circle can be squared. Here all ranks are abolished, for Zero reduces everything to the same level one way or another. Happy is the kingdom where Zero rules!
    • Paul Carus, Logical and Mathematical Thought; Monist, Vol. 20 (1909-1910), p. 69. Reported in: Moritz (1914, 336)

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