Umberto Boccioni (October 19, 1882 – August 17, 1916) was an Italian painter and sculptor in Futurism. Like other Futurists, his work centered on the portrayal of movement (dynamism), speed, and technology.
- 1 Quotes
- 1.1 Manifesto of Futurist Painters, February 1910
- 1.2 Manifesto of Futurist Painters, April 1910
- 1.3 the lecture 'La Pittura Futurista', 1911
- 1.4 Boccioni's 'Sculptural Manifesto', 1912,
- 1.5 'Les exposants au public' - exh. Cat. Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, February 1912
- 1.6 'Pittura e scultura futuriste (dinamismo plastico)' Milan, 1914
- 2 Quotes about Umberto Boccioni
- 3 External links
- (to erect).. ..a new altar throbbing with dynamism as pure and exultant as those which were elevated to divine mystery through religious contemplation.
- In: a letter to Nino Barbantini; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008.
- Get all the information you can about the Cubists, and about Georges Braquee and Pablo Picasso. Go to Kahnweilers’ (art gallery). And if he’s got photos of recent works – produced after I have left -, buy one or two. Bring us (= the Futurists in Italy) back all the information you can get.
- In: a letter to Gino Severini staying in Paris in Summer 1911; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 27.
- The harmony of the lines and folds of modern dress works upon our sensitiveness with the same emotional and symbolical power as did the nude upon the sensitiveness of the old masters.
- as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 154.
- The street enters the house.
- title of one if his paintings, Boccioni painted in 1911.
- I work a lot but don’t seem to finish. That is, I hope what I am doing means something because I don’t know what I am doing. It’s strange and terrible but I feel calm. Today I worked non-stop for six hours on a sculpture and I don’t know what the result is… …Planes upon planes, sections of muscles, of a face and then? And the total effect? Does what I create live? Where will I end up?
- In: an undated letter to Gino Severini (probably July or August 1912, or November); as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008.
- The commitment I have made is terrible and the plastic means appear and disappear at the moment of implementation. It’s terrible.. ..And the chaos of will? What law? It’s terrible.. ..Then I struggle with sculpture: I work, work and work and I don’t know what I give. Is it interior? Is it exterior? Is it sensation? Is it delirium? Is it brain? Analysis? Synthesis? I don’t know what the f... it is! Forms on forms..confusion... .The Cubists are wrong. Picasso is wrong. The academics are wrong. We’re all a bunch of d..heads.
- In: an 2nd undated letter to Gino Severini (probably July or August 1912, or November); as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008.
- Balla (his former art teacher in Italy) flabbergasted us because, not content with being involved in a Futurist campaign, as you can well imagine him doing, he launched himself into a complete transformation. He rejected all his works and all his working methods. He started work on four pictures of movement (one painting was his 'Girl running on a balcony'), which were still realist but incredible ahead of their time.. ..He confided this to Aldo Pallazzeschi: 'They (Balla’s former pupils a.o. Boccioni) did not want anything to do with me in Paris and they were right: they have gone much further than I, but I will work and I too will progress.’
- In: a letter to Gino Severini, Jan. 1913 - Boccioni is referring to their common former teacher Balla; ; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008
Manifesto of Futurist Painters, February 1910
Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Luigi Russolo, Giacomo Balla and Gino Severini, Manifesto of Futurist Painters, 11 February 1910; Original: "Manifesto dei pittori futuristi." 11 Febbraio 1911 at gutenberg.org p. 24.; Translated by Roberto Brain, in: Documents of 20th Century Art: Futurist Manifestos. Robert, R.W. Brain et al. (eds.), New York: Viking Press, 1973. pp. 24-27.
- To the Young Artists of Italy!
The cry of rebellion that we launch, linking our ideals with those of the Futurist poets, does not originate in an aesthetic clique. It expresses the violent desire that stirs in the veins of every creative artist today.
- Original text:
Agli artisti giovani d’Italia!
Il grido di ribellione che noi lanciamo, associando i nostri ideali a quelli dei poeti futuristi, non parte già da una chiesuola estetica, ma esprime il violento desiderio che ribolle oggi nelle vene di ogni artista creatore.
- p. 24: Lead paragraph
- Original text:
- With our enthusiastic adherence to Futurism, we will:
- Destroy the cult of the past, the obsession with the ancients, pedantry and academic formalism.
- Totally invalidate all kinds of imitation.
- Elevate all attempts at originality, however daring, however violent.
- Bear bravely and proudly the smear of 'madness' with which they try to gag all innovators.
- Regard art critics as useless and dangerous.
- Rebel against the tyranny of words: 'Harmony' and 'good taste' and other loose expressions which can be used to destroy the works of Rembrandt, Goya, Rodin…
- Sweep the whole field of art clean of all themes and subjects which have been used in the past.
- Support and glory in our day-to-day world, a world which is going to be continually and splendidly transformed by victorious Science.
- The dead shall be buried in the earth's deepest bowels!
- p. 27: Cited in: William Boulware Schafer (1995) The Turn of the Century: The First Futurists. p. 57
Manifesto of Futurist Painters, April 1910
- In the first manifesto that we launched on the 8th of March, 1910, from the stage of the Chiarella Theater in Turin,1 we expressed our deep-rooted disgust with, our proud contempt for, and our happy rebellion against vulgarity, mediocrity, the fanatical and snobbish worship of all that is old, attitudes which are suffocating Art in our Country.
- In: Rainey et al. (eds.) Futurism: An Anthology, (2009), p. 64 : Lead paragraph
- What was the truth for the painters of yesterday is but a falsehood today. We declare, for instance, that a portrait must not like the sitter... To paint a human figure, you must not paint it; you must render its surrounding [aura-like] atmosphere. Space no longer exists... .Who can still believe in the opacity of bodies, since our sharpened and multiplied sensibilities has already penetrated the obscure manifestations of mediums? Why should we forget in our creations the doubled power of our sight, capable of giving analogous to those of X rays?
- As quoted in: John F. Moffitt (2003) Alchemist of the Avant-Garde: The Case of Marcel Duchamp. p. 87.
- The gesture which we would reproduce on canvas shall no longer be a fixed moment in universal dynamism. It shall simply be the dynamic sensation itself. Indeed, all things move, all things run, all things are rapidly changing... .We would at any price re-enter into life.
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 23.
- Our bodies penetrate the sofas upon which we sit and the sofas penetrate our bodies. The motorbus rushes into the houses which it passes, and in their turn the houses throw themselves upon the bus and are blended with it.
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 64.
- Your eyes, accustomed to semi-darkness, will soon open to more radiant visions of light. The shadows which we shall paint shall be more luminous than the high-lights of our predecessors, and our pictures, next to those of the museums, will shine like blinding daylight, compared with deepest night. We conclude that painting cannot exist today without divisionism… …Divisionism, for the modern painter, must be an innate complementariness which we declare to be essential and necessary.
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 92.
- The time has passed for our sensations in painting to be whispered. We wish them in the future to sing and re-echo upon our canvasses in deafening and triumphant flourishes.
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 132.
- It will be readily admitted that brown tints have never coursed beneath our skin; it will be discovered that yellow shines forth in our flesh, that red blazes, and that green, blue and violet dance upon it with untold charms, voluptuous and caressing.
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 136.
- Who can still believe in the opacity of bodies since our sharpened and modified sensitivity has already penetrated the obscure manifestations of the medium? Why should we forget in our creations the double power of our sight, capable of giving results analogous to those of X-rays?
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 154.
- The sixteen people around you in a rolling omnibus are in turn and at the same time one, ten, four, three; they are motionless and they change places; they come and go, bound into the street, are suddenly swallowed up by the sunshine, then come back and sit before you., like persistent symbols of universal vibration. How often have we not seen upon the cheek of the person with whom we are talking the horse which we passes at the end of the street.
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 167.
- A profile is never motionless before our eyes, but it constantly appears and disappears. On account of the persistency of an image upon the retina, moving objects constantly multiply themselves; their form changes like rapid vibrations… …To paint a human figure you must not paint it; you must render the whole of its surrounding atmosphere.
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 172.
- How is it possible still to see the human face pink, now that our life, redoubled by noctambulism, has multiplied our perceptions as colourists? The human face is yellow, red, green, blue, violet.
- As quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 174
the lecture 'La Pittura Futurista', 1911
Boccioni, in his lecture 'La Pittura Futurista' in Rome, May 1911; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008.
- A time will come when the picture will no longer be enough. Its immobility will become an archaism with the vertiginous movement of human life. The eye of man will perceive colours as feelings within itself. Multiplied colours will not need form to be understood and paintings will be swirling musical compositions of great coloured gases, which, on the scene of a free horizon, will move and electrify the complex soul of a crowd that we cannot yet conceive of.
- In: his lecture at the Associazione Artistica Internationale, Rome May 1911; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 55.
- It is also true that without flashes of the absolute, which are granted to only a few, humanity would proceed in the dark, indeed it would not exist, because it would not acknowledge itself to itself! And as far as I know the flash as never preceded by explanations or preambles, and only a very small mind.. ..could fail to understand that eternal aspiration absolute and that the work is the relative, that to create is already to circumscribe; that to comment is to circumscribe the circumscribed, is to subdivide the divided; is to reduce to minimum terms, is to annihilate.
- Boccioni, in his lecture in Rome, May 1911; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 55
Boccioni's 'Sculptural Manifesto', 1912,
- ..since our past is the greatest in the world and thus all the more dangerous for our life!.. ..We must smash, demolish and destroy our traditional harmony, which makes us fall into a ’gracefullness’ created by timid and sentimental cubs (= Cubists).
- In his Sculptural Manifesto, 1912; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008.
- Sculpture is based on the abstract of the planes and volumes that determine the forms, not their figurative value.
'Les exposants au public' - exh. Cat. Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, February 1912
- (the Cubist painters who) ..continued to paint objects motionless, frozen, and all the static aspects of Nature; they worship the traditionalism of Poussin, of Ingres, of Camille Corot, ageing and petrifying their art with an obstinate attachment to the past, which to our eyes remains totally incomprehensible.
- pp. 2, 3.
- ..Is it indisputable that that several aesthetic declarations of our French comrades (the Cubists) display a sort of masked academicism. It is not, indeed, a return to the Academy to declare that the subject, in painting, has a perfectly insignificant value?.. ..To paint from the posing model as an absurdity, and an act of mental cowardice, even if the model be translated upon the picture in linear, spherical and cubic forms..
- pp. 2, 3.
- If we paint the phases of a riot, the crowd bustling with uplifted fists and the noisy onslaughts of cavalry are translated upon the canvas in sheaves of lines corresponding with all the conflicting forces, following the general laws of violence of the picture.. .These force-lines must encircle and involve the spectator so that he will an a manner be forced to struggle himself with the persons in the picture.
- p. 8.
- Not only have we radically abandoned the motive fully developed according to its determined and, therefore, artificial equilibrium, but we suddenly and purposely intersect each motif with one or more other motifs of which we never give the full development but merely the initial, central, of final notes.. ..We thus arrived at what we call the painting of states of mind.
- p. 8.
- Let us explain again by examples. In painting a person on a balcony, seen from inside the room do not limit the scene to what the square of the window renders visible; we try to render the sum total of visual sensations which the person on the balcony has experienced; the sun-baked throng in the street, the double row of houses which stretch to right and left, the beflowered balconies etc. This implies the simultaneity of the ambient, and, therefore, the dislocation and the dislocation and dismemberment of objects, the scattering and fusion of details, freed from accepted logic and independent from one another. In order to make the spectator live in the center of the picture, as we express it in our manifesto the picture must be the synthesis of what one remembers and what one sees. You must render the invisible which stirs lives beyond intervening obstacles, what we have on the right, or the left, or behind us, and not merely the small square of life artificially compressed, as it were, by the wings of a stage set. We have declared in our manifesto that what must be rendered is the dynamic sensation, that is to say, the particular rhythm of each object, its inclination, its movement, or more exactly, its interior force.
- p. 47.
- The simultaneousness of states of mind in the work of art: that is the intoxicating aim of our art.. ..In the pictorial description of the various states of mind of a leave-taking, perpendicular lines, undulating lines and as it were worn out, clinging here and there to silhouettes of empty bodies, may well express languidness and discouragement. Confused and trepidating lines, either straight or curved, mingled with the outlined hurried gestures of people calling to one another will express a sensation of chaotic excitement. On the other hand, horizontal lines, fleeting, rapid and jerky, brutally cutting in half lost profiles of faces or crumbling and rebounding fragments of landscape, will give the tumultuous feelings of the person going away.
- pp. 47, 49
'Pittura e scultura futuriste (dinamismo plastico)' Milan, 1914
- While the impressionists make a table to give one particular moment and subordinate the life of the table to its resemblance to this moment, we synthesize every moment (time, place, form, color-tone) and thus build the table.
- .. the characteristic motion peculiar to the object (absolute motion), with the transformations the object undergoes in its shifting in relation to the environment, mobile or immobile (relative motion - both motions should be conceived in art)
- Boccioni's quote on motion; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 328.
- - The first painting to appear with an affirmation of simultaneity was mine and had the following title: 'Simultaneous visions', (he painted in 1911). It was exhibited in the galerie Bernheim in Paris, and in the same exhibition my Futurist painter friends also appeared with similar experiments in simultaneity.
- Boccioni's quote on early realized simultaneity in his art; as quoted in Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008, p. 458.
- ..the moving whirlwind of modernity through its crowds, its cars, its telegraph poles, its bare, working-class neighbourhoods, its noises, its squeals, its violence, its cruelty, its cynicism, and its relentless pushiness.
- In: Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008.
- A horse in movement is not a stationary horse that moves but a horse in a movement, which is to say something other, that should be conceived and expressed as something completely different. It is a question of conceiving objects in movement over and above the motion they carry within themselves.. That is, a question of finding a form which is the expression of this new absolute.. ..A question of studying the aspects that life has taken on in haste and in consequent simultaneity.
- In: Futurism, ed. By Didier Ottinger; Centre Pompidou / 5 Continents Editions, Milan, 2008.
Quotes about Umberto Boccioni
- In the brief life span of the Italian Futurist movement, the short-lived Umberto Boccioni was a blazing comet. … Boccioni was a fiery theoretician of the movement, drafting two Futurist manifestoes in 1910 and 1912 that exalted the force and energy of contemporary life. They called for an art that glorified speed, violence and the machine age, one that above all reflected the dynamism of an engine-driven civilization."
- "New York Times, Jul. 3, 1998 - On a Trip Back to Futurism, Women and Settings Merge by Grace Glueck". The New York Times. 3 July 1998.
- Boccioni's gift was to bring a fresh eye to reality in ways that, we now recognise, defined the nature of the modern movement in the visual arts and literature, too