- I believe each individual is naturally entitled to do as he pleases with himself and the fruit of his labor, so far as it in no wise interferes with any other man's rights—that each community, as a State, has a right to do exactly as it pleases with all the concerns within that State that interfere with the right of no other State, and that the general government, upon principle, has no right to interfere with anything other than that general class of things that does concern the whole.
- Abraham Lincoln, speech at Chicago, Illinois, July 10, 1858.—The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, ed. Roy P. Basler, vol. 2, p. 493 (1953).
AUTHOR: John Marshall (1755–1835)
- No political dreamer was ever wild enough to think of breaking down the lines which separate the States, and of compounding the American people into one common mass.
- John Marshall, McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. 403 (1819).
- Is the United States going to decide, are the people of this country going to decide that their Federal Government shall in the future have no right under any implied power or any court-approved power to enter into a solution of a national economic problem, but that that national economic problem must be decided only by the States?… We thought we were solving it, and now it has been thrown right straight in our faces. We have been relegated to the horse-and-buggy definition of interstate commerce.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt, remarks at press conference, May 31, 1935.—The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1935, p. 215, 221 (1938).
Monday, May 27, 1935, became known as "Black Monday." One of the decisions the Supreme Court handed down that day was the case of Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States, to which Roosevelt refers.