From Wikiquote
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Universum.jpg(770 × 600 pixels, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

This file is from Wikimedia Commons and may be used by other projects. The description on its file description page there is shown below.



Holzschnitt aus Camille Flammarion: L'Atmosphere - Météorologie Populaire. Paris 1888. Kolorierung : Heikenwaelder Hugo, Wien 1998.

Español: imagen de la teoría de la eternidad
Source La version en noir & blanc connue est dans Camille Flammarion (1842-1925).- L'atmosphère : météorologie populaire, Hachette, Paris, 1888, p. 163
Author Heikenwaelder Hugo, Austria, Email :,
Other versions


I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license:
w:en:Creative Commons

attribution share alike

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license.
You are free:
  • to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work
  • to remix – to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
  • attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • share alike – If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same or compatible license as the original.

Additional information

  • "Eine Montage von Camille Flammarion für sein Werk 'L'Astronomie populäire', das 1880 erschien"; siehe: Jean Pierre Verdet. Der HIMMEL. Ordnung und Chaos der Welt. Ravensburg: Maier, 1991, S.26

This is a modification of the Flammarion Woodcut is an enigmatic woodcut by an unknown artist. It is referred to as the Flammarion Woodcut because its first documented appearance is in page 163 of Camille Flammarion's L'atmosphère: météorologie populaire (Paris, 1888), a work on meteorology for a general audience. The woodcut depicts a man peering through the Earth's atmosphere as if it were a curtain to look at the inner workings of the universe.

The original caption below the picture (not included here) translated to: "A medieval missionary tells that he has found the point where heaven and Earth meet...".

Further information from: "Flat Earth"

"During the 19th century, the Romantic conception of a European "Dark Age" gave much more prominence to the Flat Earth model than it ever possessed historically. The widely circulated woodcut of a man poking his head through the firmament of a flat Earth to view the mechanics of the spheres, executed in the style of the 16th century cannot be traced to an earlier source than Camille Flammarion's L'Atmosphere: Météorologie Populaire (Paris, 1888, p. 163) [1]. The woodcut illustrates the statement in the text that a medieval missionary claimed that "he reached the horizon where the earth and the heavens met", an anecdote that may be traced back to Voltaire, but not to any known medieval source. In its original form, the woodcut included a decorative border that places it in the 19th century; in later publications, some claiming that the woodcut did, in fact, date to the 16th century, the border was removed. Flammarion, according to anecdotal evidence, had commissioned the woodcut himself. In any case, no source of the image earlier than Flammarion's book is known. (quote from en:Flat Earth)


Note. Tcomment. Pinea

This coloring is not particularly good, compared to the many others that exist. The tree, for example, is miscolored -- the lower branch appears transparent. The lake in the lower right is filled in green instead of blue, the entire "landscape" is flat green, with no attention to detail. If a page is going to be redundant enough to contain both a black-and-white and a colored version of the same file, it seems worthwhile to at least have a "good" colored version. Many are available. - 23:21, 3 April 2009 (UTC)

Who is it that persists on using this colorization instead of the black & white original? Quite aside from the fact that it's not faithful to the drawing and that it containsolorizations that has appeared in print outside of Wikipedia. - 00:24, 23 January 2011 (UTC)
In light of the above comments, I have uploaded my own 2015 colorization (done originally just for my own T-shirt, because I wanted bright, joyous, and visually interesting colors, and nothing out there satisfied me as a wearable) — and I will delete it without need of a formal procedure if it is likewise found unsuitable for the Wikis. Please let me know. Thanks! .Raven (talk) 09:57, 29 April 2015 (UTC)

File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

current00:57, 4 April 2006Thumbnail for version as of 00:57, 4 April 2006770 × 600 (225 KB)HeikenwaelderUniversum - C. Flammarion, Holzschnitt, Paris 1988, Kolorit : Heikenwaelder Hugo, Wien 1998

Global file usage

The following other wikis use this file:

View more global usage of this file.