A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source, not always the original source. Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not).
- The citation is the product of the citation indexer, not of the scientist.
- Citation Analysis in Research Evaluation. Vol 13. p. 208
- We define a citation as an action, that is, a citation is the inclusion of a reference, by a paper, in its reference list.
- Blaise Cronin (2008) Annual Review of Information Science and Technology Vol 42. p. 256
- Neither citation nor loan demand is an adequate measure of literature use by a large community. Each is only an indicator, illuminating some aspects of use but with its own inherent bias. The joint study of several indicators gives a more balanced picture..
- Penelope Earle and Brian Campbell Vickery (1969), "Social Science Literature Use in the U.K. as Indicated by Citations," Journal of Documentation 25: p. 133
- Citation does not necessarily reflect current demand.
- Penelope Earle and Brian Campbell Vickery (1969), "Social Science Literature Use in the U.K. as Indicated by Citations," Journal of Documentation 25: p. 134
- Citation index has provided researchers new ways to grasp the development of science and to cast a glimpse of the big picture of science.
- Claude Ghaoui (2006) Encyclopaedia of Human Computer Interaction p. 25
- Men who are never flagrantly dishonest are at times unveracious in small matters, colouring or suppressing facts with a conscious purpose; and writers who never stole an idea nor pretended to honours for which they had not striven, may be found lapsing into small insincerities, speaking a language which is not theirs, uttering opinions which they expect to gain applause rather than the opinions really believed by them. But if few men are perfectly and persistently sincere, Sincerity is nevertheless the only enduring strength.
The principle is universal, stretching from the highest purposes of Literature down to its smallest details. It underlies the labour of the philosopher, the investigator, the moralist, the poet, the novelist, the critic, the historian, and the compiler. It is visible in the publication of opinions, in the structure of sentences, and in the fidelity of citations.
- Of course, relative citation frequencies are no measure of relative importance. Who has not aspired to write a paper so fundamental that very soon it is known to everyone and cited by no one?
- Abraham Pais "Subtle is the Lord…" : The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein (1982), p. 90
- The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose.
- The question of what constitutes a "citation" is one of the most controverted issues in the modern study of ancient quotations.
- Christopher D. Stanley (1992) Paul and the language of Scripture: citation technique in the Pauline epistles and contemporary literature. p. 4
- The reference is completely defined by the citing text it belongs to and the cited text to which it points. In semiotic terms the reference is a sign — the elementary unit of a representational system with the cited text as its referent... The citation is the mirror image of the reference... By organizing the references not according to the texts they belong to, but according to the texts they point at — they become attributes of the cited instead of the original, citing text. Semiotically, the citing text is the referent of the citation.
- P. Wouters (1998) The sign of science. Scietometrics, 41, p. 232; as cited in Annual review of information science and technology. Vol 41. 2007 p. 630
- Since the citation and the reference have different referents and are actually each other's mirror image, it does not seem very wise to blur the distinction between them. This distinction has moreover the advantage that the quest for a citation theory in scientometrics and the sociology of science splits into two different, analytically independent research problems: the patterns in the citing behaviour of scientists, social scientists and scholars in the humanities on the one hand, and the theoretical foundation of citation analysis on the other.
- P. Wouters (1999) Beyond the holy grail: From citation theory to indicator theory. Scientometrics, 44, p. 195; as cited in Annual review of information science and technology. Vol 41. 2007 p. 630