Hebron

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Entrance to Hebron

Hebron (Arabic: الخليل al-Ḫalīl; Hebrew: חֶבְרוֹן, Standard Hebrew: Ḥevron, Tiberian: Ḥeḇrôn ISO 259-3: Ḥebron) is a Palestinian city located in the southern West Bank, 30 km (19 mi) south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judaean Mountains, it lies 930 meters (3,050 ft) above sea level. It is the largest city in the West Bank, and the second largest in the Palestinian territories after Gaza, and home to approximately 250,000 Palestinians, and between 500 and 850 Jewish settlers concentrated in Otniel settlement and around the old quarter. The city is divided into two sectors: H1, controlled by the Palestinian Authority and H2, roughly 20% of the city, administered by Israel. The settlers are governed by their own municipal body, the Committee of the Jewish Community of Hebron. The city is most notable for containing the traditional burial site of the biblical Patriarchs and Matriarchs and is therefore considered the second-holiest city in Judaism after Jerusalem. The city is also venerated by Muslims for its association with Abraham and was traditionally viewed as one of the "four holy cities of Islam."

Quotes[edit]

  • And Sarah’s life got to be a hundred and twenty-seven years long. They were the years of Sarah’s life. So Sarah died in Kir´i·ath-ar´ba, that is to say, He´bron, in the land of Ca´naan, and Abraham came in to bewail Sarah and to weep over her.
  • And after that Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Mach·pe´lah in front of Mam´re, that is to say, He´bron, in the land of Ca´naan. Thus the field and the cave that was in it became confirmed to Abraham for the possession of a burial place at the hands of the sons of Heth.
  • At length Jacob came to Isaac his father to Mam´re, to Kir´i·ath-ar´ba, that is to say, He´bron, where Abraham and also Isaac had resided as aliens. And the days of Isaac came to be a hundred and eighty years. After that Isaac expired and died and was gathered to his people, old and satisfied with days, and E´sau and Jacob his sons buried him.

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