Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and also of the Province of Rome and of the region of Lazio. With 2.7 million residents in 1,285.3 sq km (496.3 sq mi), it is also the country's largest and most populated comune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The urban area of Rome extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 3.8 million. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber within Lazio (Latium). The Vatican City is an independent country within the city boundaries of Rome, the only example of a country within a city existing.
Rome's history spans more than two and a half thousand years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. Rome is one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. It is referred to as "The Eternal City", a notion expressed by ancient Roman poets and writers. In the ancient world it was successively the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization. Since the 1st century AD, Rome has been considered the seat of the Papacy and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic.
After the Middle Ages, Rome was ruled by popes such as Alexander VI and Leo X, who transformed the city into one of the major centers of the Italian Renaissance along with Florence. The current version of St Peter's Basilica was built and the Sistine Chapel was painted by Michelangelo. Famous artists and architects, such as Bramante, Bernini and Raphael, resided for some time in Rome, contributing to its Renaissance and Baroque architecture.
- A thousand roads lead men forever to Rome.
- Alaine de Lille in Liber Parabolarum (1175).
- Sit Romana potens Itala virtute propago
- If you are at Rome, live after the Roman fashion.
- St. Ambrose, attributed in The Quote Verifier by Ralph Keyes.
- I found Rome a city of bricks and left it a city of marble.
- When they are at Rome, they do there as they see done.
- Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621), III. 4. 2.
- O Rome! my country! city of the soul!
- When falls the Coliseum, Rome shall fall;
And when Rome falls—the World.
- The traveler who has contemplated the ruins of ancient Rome may conceive some imperfect idea of the sentiments which they must have inspired when they reared their heads in the splendor of unsullied beauty.
- Yes, I have finally arrived to this Capital of the World! I now see all the dreams of my youth coming to life... Only in Rome is it possible to understand Rome.
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Italian Journey (1816).
- O Rome! My country! City of the soul!
- George Gordon, Lord Byron in Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812).
- Rome, old lady of the world, in the name of our glorious dead who gave their life to make wonderful days possible, we salute you!
- Benito Mussolini, a phrase said after marching on Rome in 1922.
- I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,
Than such a Roman.
- New Rome will be destroyed by the attacks of new vandals.
- Dejan Stojanovic in Circling, ”New Vandals,” Sequence: “A Warden with No Keys” (1993)
- The story of Romulus and Remus being suckled by a wolf is not a meaningless fable. The founders of every State which has risen to eminence have drawn their nourishment and vigor from a similar wild source. It was because the children of the Empire were not suckled by the wolf that they were conquered and displaced by the children of the Northern forests who were.
- From the dome of St. Peter's one can see every notable object in Rome... He can see a panorama that is varied, extensive, beautiful to the eye, and more illustrious in history than any other in Europe.
- Mark Twain in The Innocents Abroad (1869).
- Rome wasn't all built in a day.
- Li Proverbe au Vilain (ca. 1190).
Hoyt's New Cyclopedia Of Practical Quotations
- Quotes reported in Hoyt's New Cyclopedia Of Practical Quotations (1922), p. 677.
- Si fueris Romæ, Romano vivito more;
Si fueris alibi, vivito sicut ibi.
- When I am at Rome I fast as the Romans do; when I am at Milan I do not fast. So likewise you, whatever church you come to, observe the custom of the place, if you would neither give offence to others, nor take offence from them.
- Another version of St. Ambrose's advice.
- When I am at Rome, I fast on a Saturday: when I am at Milan I do not. Do the same. Follow the custom of the church where you are.
- St. Augustine gives this as the advice of St. Ambrose to him. See Epistle to Januarius, II. 18. Also Epistle 36.
- Now conquering Rome doth conquered Rome inter,
And she the vanquished is, and vanquisher.
To show us where she stood there rests alone
Tiber; and that too hastens to be gone.
Learn, hence what fortune can. Towns glide away;
And rivers, which are still in motion, stay.
- Joachim du Bellay, Antiquitez de Rome (third stanza of this poem taken from Janus Vitalis). Translation by William Browne, from a Latin version of the same by Janus Vitalis, In Urbem Romam Qualis est hodie. See Gordon Goodwin's ed. of Poems of William Browne. Translation also by Spenser, in Complaints.
- Every one soon or late comes round by Rome.
- Robert Browning, Ring and the Book, V, 296.
- You cheer my heart, who build as if Rome would be eternal.
- Cuando á Roma fueres, haz como vieres.
- Quod tantis Romana manus contexuit annis
Proditor unus iners angusto tempore vertit.
- What Roman power slowly built, an unarmed traitor instantly overthrew.
- Claudianus, In Rufinum, II. 52.
- Veuve d'un peuple-roi, mais reine encore du monde.
- [Rome] Widow of a King-people, but still queen of the world.
- Gabriel Gilbert, Papal Rome.
- Rome, Rome, thou art no more
As thou hast been!
On thy seven hills of yore
Thou sat'st a queen.
- Felicia Hemans, Roman Girl's Song.
- Omitte mirari beatæ
Fumum et opes strepitumque Romæ.
- Cease to admire the smoke, wealth, and noise of prosperous Rome.
- Horace, Carmina, III. 29. 11.
- In tears I tossed my coin from Trevi's edge.
A coin unsordid as a bond of love—
And, with the instinct of the homing dove,
I gave to Rome my rendezvous and pledge.
And when imperious Death
Has quenched my flame of breath,
Oh, let me join the faithful shades that throng that fount above.
- Robert Underwood Johnson, Italian Rhapsody.
- Tous chemins vont à Rome; ainsi nos concurrents
Crurent, pouvoir choisir des sentiers différents.
- All road's lead to Rome, but our antagonists think we should choose different paths.
- Jean de La Fontaine, Le Juge Arbitre, Fable XII.
- Rome was not built in a day.
- See the wild Waste of all-devouring years!
How Rome her own sad Sepulchre appears,
With nodding arches, broken temples spread!
The very Tombs now vanish'd like their dead!
- Alexander Pope, Moral Essays, Epistle to Addison.
- I am in Rome! Oft as the morning ray
Visits these eyes, waking at once I cry,
Whence this excess of joy? What has befallen me?
And from within a thrilling voice replies,
Thou art in Rome! A thousand busy thoughts
Rush on my mind, a thousand images;
And I spring up as girt to run a race!
- Samuel Rogers, Rome.
- Utinam populus Romanus unam cervicem haberet!
- Would that the Roman people had but one neck!
- Suetonius. Life of Caligula ascribes it to Caligula. Seneca and Dion Cassius credit it to the same. Ascribed to Nero by others.