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Amines are organic compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair. Amines are derivatives of ammonia, wherein one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by a substituent such as an alkyl or aryl group.
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- Amines adopt an approximately tetrahedral structure in which the lone electron pair occupies one vertex of the tetrahedron. They can, in principle, be chiral at nitrogen but are difficult to maintain in enantiomerically pure form because of fast inversion at the nitrogen. Amines have boiling points higher than those of alkanes of similar size. Their boiling points are lower than those of the analogous alcohols because of weaker hydrogen bonding, and their water solubility is between that of comparable alkanes and alcohols.
- K. Peter C. Vollhardt, Neil E. Schore (2011) Organic chemistry : structure and function 6th ed. Ch. 21 : Amines and Their Derivatives