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Analogy (plural: analogies) (from Greek ἀναλογία, analogia, "proportion") is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. Analogy is also relationship of resemblance or equivalence between two situations, people, or objects, especially when used as a basis for explanation or extrapolation. The concepts of association, comparison, correspondence, mathematical and morphological homology, homomorphism, iconicity, isomorphism, metaphor, resemblance, and similarity are closely related to analogy. The word analogy can also refer to the relation between the source and the target themselves, which is often, though not necessarily, a similarity, as in the biological notion of analogy.

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Saint Ambrose:Nothing escapes God's knowledge. This is proved by the witness of the Scriptures and the analogy of the sun, which, although created, yet by its light or heat enters into all things.
  • Analogies are figures intended to serve as fatal weapons if they succeed, and as innocent toys if they fail.
    • Henry Adams, Mont Saint Michel and Chartres (1904), Ch. XIV


Erskine Bowles:I think it's absolutely clear that the fiscal path we are on is not sustainable, and for me, the best analogy is these deficits are like a cancer, and over time they will destroy the country from within.


Giacomo Casanova:The mind of a human being is formed only of comparisons made in order to examine analogies, and therefore cannot precede the existence of memory.
  • A kid living on the street is a bit like—and please pardon the analogy here—a weed. The longer he's on the street, the harder it is to pull him out by the root. We lose a lot of these kids. More than we save. And forget the weed analogy. It’s stupid because it implies that we are getting rid of something bad and preserving something good.


Benjamin Disraeli: *Nationality is the miracle of political independence; race is the principle of physical analogy.
  • Yes, it is a rehearsed show, yes, it was analogy of going to see a play at the theatre, where everything has to be in place and whole things, everything being works, all works together to get the best effect you know it's more like an actor learning a part.


Ralph Waldo Emerson: Yet the systole and diastole of the heart are not without their analogy in the ebb and flow of love.


Lukas Foss:...With the artist it is not how much he took and from whom, but what he did with it.
  • Analogy: ...a form of reasoning that is particularly liable to yield false conclusions from true premises.
    • The Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thought (1977) ed. Alan Bullock, Olive Stallybrass, p. 20.



Charles Hodge:As the Church is the aggregate of believers, there is an intimate analogy between the experience of the individual believer, and of the Church as a whole.



Mitchell Joachim:I like to use the analogy of going to the gym. If you go to the gym and your goal is, 'I want to look just like David Beckham,' then that drives you to do certain things. You may never look like Beckham, but it is a goal. Cities need the same thing. They need a vision and a plan for their ideal physique.



  • The concentration of a small child at play is analogous to the concentration of the artist of any discipline. In real play, which is real concentration, the child is not only outside time, he is outside himself. He has thrown himself completely into whatever it is he is doing. A child playing a game, building a sand castle, painting a picture, is completely in what he is doing. His self-consciousness is gone; his consciousness is wholly focused outside himself.


Michael Mandelbaum:The second relevant analogy has to do with the danger not to outside powers but to the local countries. The analogy is to Nigeria, which stands for the danger that oil wealth will lead to corruption, political disintegration and, in the long term, even economic debilitation.
  • While analogies are useful, however, they can also be misleading. They smuggle in assumptions that can be wrong.






John Romero:The analogy I use is that 'World of Warcraft' is like going to the mall: you see a ton of people there, but you don't really want to interact with them; you just want to know you're part of the human race. And if you get in trouble, you'll know someone else is there.




Barry Unsworth:As I wrote I began to see more strongly that there were inescapable analogies. You couldn't really live through the '80s without feeling how crass and distasteful some of the economic doctrines were. The slave trade is a perfect model for that kind of total devotion to the profit motive without reckoning the human consequences.



Edith Wharton: The old analogy likening the human mind to an imperfect mirror, which modifies the images it reflects, occurred more than once to Odo during the hunchback’s lively delineation.





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