Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) is an organisation which advocates unilateral nuclear disarmament by the United Kingdom, international nuclear disarmament and tighter international arms regulation through agreements such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. It opposes military action that may result in the use of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and the building of nuclear power stations in the UK. It was founded in November 1957 when a committee was formed, including Canon John Collins as chairman, Bertrand Russell as president and Peggy Duff as organising secretary. They organised CND's first public meeting on 17 February 1958. A symbol designed for them in February 1958 by Gerald Holtom, and first displayed in an Easter peace march to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston in Berkshire in April 1958, became one of the most widely recognized international peace symbols in the 1960s.
- Quotes of official publications and representatives of the CND.
- CND campaigns non-violently to rid the world of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction and to create genuine security for future generations.
CND opposes all nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction: their development, manufacture, testing, deployment and use or threatened use by any country.
- 2018 is the 60th anniversary of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, which was founded on the 17th February 1958 at the height of the cold war.
CND is planning a number of events — as well as publishing a new book — to mark the 60th year of one of the world's most powerful collective voices against the dangers of nuclear weapons
The CND symbol (2008)
- One of the most widely known symbols in the world, in Britain it is recognised as standing for nuclear disarmament – and in particular as the logo of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND). In the United States and much of the rest of the world it is known more broadly as the peace symbol.
It was designed in 1958 by Gerald Holtom, a professional designer and artist and a graduate of the Royal College of Arts. … The Direct Action Committee had already planned what was to be the first major anti-nuclear march, from London to Aldermaston, where British nuclear weapons were and still are manufactured. It was on that march, over the 1958 Easter weekend that the symbol first appeared in public. Five hundred cardboard lollipops on sticks were produced. Half were black on white and half white on green. Just as the church’s liturgical colours change over Easter, so the colours were to change, “from Winter to Spring, from Death to Life.” Black and white would be displayed on Good Friday and Saturday, green and white on Easter Sunday and Monday.
- The first badges were made by Eric Austin of Kensington CND using white clay with the symbol painted black. Again there was a conscious symbolism. They were distributed with a note explaining that in the event of a nuclear war, these fired pottery badges would be among the few human artifacts to survive the nuclear inferno.
- Although specifically designed for the anti-nuclear movement it has quite deliberately never been copyrighted. No one has to pay or to seek permission before they use it. A symbol of freedom, it is free for all. This of course sometimes leads to its use, or misuse, in circumstances that CND and the peace movement find distasteful. It is also often exploited for commercial, advertising or generally fashion purposes. We can’t stop this happening and have no intention of copyrighting it. All we can do is to ask commercial users if they would like to make a donation. Any money received is used for CND’s peace education and information work.
Quotes about the CND
- I don’t think the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament has much chance of actually affecting the government. It’s one of the first things you have to face up to. But we do it to keep our self-respect to show to ourselves, each one to himself or herself, that we care. And to let other people, all the lazy, sulky, hopeless ones like you, know that someone cares. We’re trying to shame you into thinking about it, about acting.
- John Fowles, in The Collector (1963)
- Official website
- Official Facebook page
- Official Twitter page
- CND YouTube channel
- "The history of CND"
- "The CND logo" (13 February 2018)
- "North Korea and the US Nuclear Threats" PDF (February 2018)
- "1960: Thousands protest against H-bomb" (18 April 2007)
- "CND veterans remain unbowed, 50 years on" (15 Feb 2008)
- "Radical Objects: CND Badge" by Andrew Whitehead at History Workshop (7 April 2011)
- "Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament marches back into public arena after years of decline" by Andy McSmith, in The Independent (29 January 2016)
- "60 Faces of CND exhibition" 60 representatives of CND on the 60th anniversary
- "Now More Than Ever tour"
- "60 years of the CND symbol" Daily Politics (20 February 2018) YouTube video
- "Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament" materials at the Modern Records Centre