Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve

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To lend freshness to things known, to spread knowledge of things new; an excellent program for a critic.

Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve (December 23 1804October 13 1869) was a French literary critic, poet and novelist.



Sourced[edit]

  • Le désespoir lui-même, pour peu qu'il se prolonge, devient une sorte d'asile dans lequel on peut s'asseoir et reposer.
    • Despair itself if it goes on long enough, can become a kind of sanctuary in which one settles down and feels at ease.
    • "Vie de Joseph Delorme" (1829), cited from Poésies completes de Sainte-Beuve (Paris: Charpentier, 1840) p. 16; Mardy Grothe Oxymoronica (London: HarperCollins, 2004) p. 201.
  • Gardons-nous de l'ironie en jugeant. De toutes les dispositions de l'esprit, l'ironie est la moins intelligente.
    • Let us beware of irony when making judgements. Of all the dispositions of the mind, irony is the least intelligent.
    • Notebook entry, February 24, 1848, cited from Les cahiers de Sainte-Beuve (Paris: Alphonse Lemerre, 1876) p. 75; Christopher Prendergast The Classic (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007) p. 244.
  • Puisqu'il faut avoir des ennemis, tâchons d'en avoir qui nous fassent honneur.
    • Since it is necessary to have enemies, let us endeavour to have those who do us honour.
    • Derniers portraits littéraires (1852; Paris: Didier, 1858) p. 534 ; translated by W. Fraser Rae, in Sainte-Beuve English Portraits (London: Dalby, Isbister, 1875) p. xci.
  • Renouveler les choses connues, vulgariser les choses neuves: un bon programme pour un critique.
    • To lend freshness to things known, to spread knowledge of things new; an excellent program for a critic.
    • Causeries du lundi, vol. 11 (1856; Paris: Garnier, 1868) p. 512; Philo M. Buck, Jr. Literary Criticism (New York: Harper, 1930) p. 398
  • Le plus souvent nous ne jugeons pas les autres, mais nous jugeons nos propres facultés dans les autres.
    • Most often we are judging not others, but rather our own faculties in others.
    • Œuvres choisies (Paris: A. Hatier, 1934) p. 774; Andrew George Lehmann Sainte-Beuve (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962) p. 301.
  • Le silence seul est le souverain mépris.
    • Silence is the sovereign contempt.
    • Pensées et maximes (Paris: B. Grasset, 1954) p. 271; Nicholas Rescher Communicative Pragmatism and Other Philosophical Essays on Language (Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998) p. 146.
  • A philosophical thought has probably not attained all its sharpness and all its illumination until it is expressed in French
    • Society for Pure English, Tract 5 The Englishing of French Words; The Dialectal Words in Blunden's Poems Author: Society for Pure English Release Date: June 5, 2004


Misattributed[edit]

  • L'injustice…est une mère qui n'est jamais sterile, et qui produit des enfants dignes d'elle.
    • Injustice…is a mother who is never barren, and bears children worthy of her.
    • Causeries du lundi (Paris: Garnier, 1857) vol. 1, p. 148; E. J. Trechmann (trans.) Causeries du Lundi (London: George Routledge, 1909) vol. 1, p. 117.
    • Sainte-Beuve was here merely reporting words spoken by Adolphe Thiers, but many French quotation websites (e.g. Dico-Citations) attribute them to Sainte-Beuve himself.

Criticism[edit]

  • He had imperfections, prejudices, limitations, but when we have recognised them all, he remains the greatest literary critic that the world has seen.
    • Edmund Gosse "The Prince of Critics", in More Books on the Table (London: William Heinemann, 1923) p. 13.
  • The nearest approach to the infallible in literary judgment is represented in the colossal work of the teacher of all these three [Edmund Gosse, Edward Dowden and George Saintsbury], the greatest critic that ever lived – not an Englishman, but a Frenchman, the wonderful Sainte-Beuve.
    • Lafcadio Hearn Life and Literature (1917; Whitefish, Montana: Kessinger, 2005) p. 82
  • The greatest of all French critics, and possibly the greatest European critic since Aristotle.
    • J. G. Clark, in The Penguin Companion to Literature (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969) vol. 2, p. 283.

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