Corrado Gini (23 May 1884 – 13 March 1965) was an Italian statistician, demographer and sociologist who developed the Gini coefficient, a measure of the income inequality in a society. Demography remained one of Gini’s chief interests, and he later advanced a cyclical theory of population. He developed the theory of dispersion in Variabilità e Mutabilità (1912) and the concentration ratio. This led to his most famous contribution, the Gini coefficient, which is used in a mathematical formula to determine the measure of dispersion in a concentration.
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- A fairly large part, if not, indeed, the very nucleus, of the Fascist movement has been built up of ex-Socialists who abandoned their party because of, or in consequence of, the war. This observation is particularly true of the younger element in the Socialistic party, including young men of a practical turn, often restless in temperament, who had rallied to the Socialist party not so much because of its positive economic program, as because of its negative program of protest against the aimless individualism of the Liberal regime, and who found in Fascism the means for effectuating their desire to take a part and to reconstruct.
- "The Scientific Basis of Fascism", in Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 42 (Academy of Political Science, 1927), p. 104.
- The most notable difference (of the American character) lies in the psychology of work. In the Orient one works to live; in Europe one works to consume; in America one works to work. These are the three stages of a progressive evolution.
- As quoted in The Work of the Catholic Church in the United States of America (Nardini "Artistic" Publishing Company, 1956), p. 10.