Ennius

From Wikiquote
Jump to: navigation, search

Quintus Ennius (239 B.C. – 169 B.C.) was a writer during the period of the Roman Republic, and is often considered the father of Roman poetry. Although only fragments of his works survive, his influence in Latin literature was significant.

Quotes[edit]

  • Homo qui erranti comiter monstrat viam,
    Quasi lumen de suo lumine accendat facit;
    Nihilo minus ipsi lucet, cum illi accenderit.
    • Who kindly shows the way to one lost,
      Does as he lit another's lamp from his own;
      No less shines his, when he the other's has lit.
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis; Book I, Chapter XVI
      • Translation partially from Walter Miller.
  • Nemo me lacrumis decoret neque funera fletu
    faxit. Cur? volito vivos per ora virum.
    • Let no one pay me honor with tears, nor a weeping funeral
      make. Why? I fly, living, through the mouths of men.
      • As quoted by Cicero in Tusculanae Disputationes; Book I, chapter XV, section 34
  • Quo vobis mentes, rectae quae stare solebant
    Antehac, dementis sese flexere viai?
    • Your minds that once did stand erect and strong,
      What madness swerves them from their wonted course?
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Senectute; Chapter VI
  • Quem metuunt oderunt; quem quisque odit, perisse expetit.
    • Whom they fear, they hate; and whom they hate they want dead.
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis, Book II, Chapter 23
  • Amicus certus in re incerta cernitur.
    • A certain friend is discerned in an uncertain time.
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Amicitia; Chapter XVII
  • Nulla sancta societas
    Nec fides regni est.
    • No sacred fellowship
      Nor faith, where kingship is.
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis; Book I, Chapter VIII
      • Translation partially from Walter Miller.
  • Sicut fortis equus, spatio qui saepe supremo
    Vicit Olympia, nunc senio confectus quiescit.
    • As a strong racehorse, which often in the last lap
      Conquered Olympia; now in old age, fulfilled, finds rest.
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Senectute; Chapter V
  • Simia quam similis turpissima bestia nobis!
    • The ape, vilest of beasts, how like to us!
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Natura Deorum; Book I, Chapter XXXV
  • Unus homo nobis cunctando restituit rem.
    Noenum rumores ponebat ante salutem;
    Ergo plusque magisque viri nunc gloria claret.
    • One man, by delaying, restored the state to us.
      He valued safety more than the mob's applause;
      Hence now his glory more resplendent grows.
  • Qui vincit non est victor nisi victus fatetur.
    • He who has conquered is not a conqueror, unless the conquered one acknowledges it.
  • Moribus antiquis res stat Romana virisque.
    • The Roman state stands strong today, due to its ancient morals and noble men.
      • As quoted by Augustinus in De Civitate Dei; Book II, Chapter XXI
  • Omnes mortales sese laudarier optant.
    • All mortals wished to be praised.
      • As quoted by Augustinus in De Trinitate Book XIII, Chapter III
  • Dictum factumque facit frux.
    • No sooner said than done — so acts your man of worth.
      • As quoted by Priscianus in Ars Prisciani; Book VI
  • Pandite sultis genas et corde relinquite somnum.
    • Open your eyes and relinquish the sleep from your hearts.
      • As quoted by Festus, in De verborum significatione
  • Terram corpus quae dederit, ipsam
    capere neque dispendi facere hilum.
    • And the earth, who herself bestowed the body, takes it back and wastes not a whit.
      • As quoted by Varro in De Lingua Latina; Book V
  • Nec pol homo quisquam faciet inpune animatus
    hoc nec tu; nam mi calido dabis sanguine poenas.
    • None living shall do this unpunished, nor you;
      You shall pay the price to me with warm blood.
      • As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia; Book VI, Chapter I
      • Compare: Tu tamen interea calido mihi sanguine poenas persolves amborum, Vergilius, Aeneid, Book IX, line 422
  • Quem nemo ferro potuit superare nec auro.
    • Whom none could overcome with iron nor with gold.
    • Note: Iron is a metonym of sword(s), as gold is of money.
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Re Publica; Book III, Chapter IV
  • Qua Galli furtim noctu summa arcis adorti
    moenia concubia vigilesque repente cruentant.
    • On that night the Gauls with stealth attacked the wall-tops of the citadel in the sleep-time, and on a sudden brought bloodshed on the sentinels.
      • As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia; Book I, Chapter IV
  • Nec cauponantes bellum sed belligerantes;
    Ferro non auro vitam cernamus utrique.
    • Not bartering war, but fighting war;
      By iron and not by gold let each determine their fate.
    • Note: Iron is a metonym of sword(s), as gold is of money
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis; Book I, Chapter XII
  • Fortibus est fortuna viris data.
    • Fortune is given to brave men.
      • As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia; Book VI, Chapter I

Iphigenia[edit]

Iphigenia a lost tragedy of Ennius, surviving in fragments only

  • Quod est ante pedes nemo spectat, caeli scrutantur plagas.
    • No one regards what is before his feet; everyone gazes at the stars.
      • As quoted by Cicero in De Divinatione; Book II, Chapter XIII
  • Otioso in otio animus nescit quid velit.
    • In listless leisure the mind knows not what it wants.
      • As quoted by Aulus Gellius in Noctes Atticae (Attic Nights); Book XIX, Chapter X
  • Incerte errat animus; praeterpropter vitam vivitur.
    • The mind wanders irresolute; life is lived... more or less.
      • As quoted by Aulus Gellius in Noctes Atticae (Attic Nights); Book XIX, Chapter X

Quotes about Ennius[edit]

  • Ennius was the father of Roman poetry, because he first introduced into Latin the Greek manner and in particular the hexameter metre.
    • Cyril Bailey, Titi Lucreti Cari De Rerum Natura Libri Sex: Commentary (1947), Books I-III, p. 619
  • Ennius ingenio maximus, arte rudis.
    • Ennius, greatest in genius, unrefined/rough in art.
      • Ovidius, Tristia, Book II, line 424
  • To later Romans Ennius was the personification of the spirit of early Rome; by them he was called "The Father of Roman Poetry." We must remember how truly Greek he was in his point of view. He set the example for later Latin poetry by writing the first epic of Rome in Greek hexameter verses instead of in the old Saturnian verse. He made popular the doctrines of Euhemerus, and he was in general a champion of free thought and rationalism.
    • Ruth Martin Brown, A study of the Scipionic circle (1934), p. 26
  • Ennius qui primus ameno
    Detulit ex Helicone perenni fronde coronam.

External links[edit]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about: