Fatawa-e-Razvia

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Fatawa-e-Razvia or Fatawa-e-Radaviyyah is the main fatwa book of Barelvi Muslims authored by 19th century Sunni Islamic scholar Ahmed Raza Khan.

Quotes about the Fatawa-e-Razvia[edit]

Shourie, Arun: The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action[edit]

Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins) (quoting Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmad Raza Qadri Barelvi, Fatawa Rizviyyah, Raza Academy, Bombay, 1994)
  • Most Indian Muslims are Sunnis, some say almost 85 to 90 per cent are Sunnis. Most Indian Sunnis are Barelvis, some would say two-thirds of them are, in particular those living in the countryside. The Fatawa-i-Rizvia is the most important collection of fatwas of the Barelvis. It consists of the fatwas issued by the most influential figure among them—Maulana Ahmad Riza Khan. He was a prolific issuer of fatwas, a formidable polemicist, often an abusive one, an indefatigable campaigner, in a word a pugilist. Few dared to cross swords with him, indeed few dared to even stand in his way. He lived from 1856 to 1921, and came to exercise a mesmeric hold over vast numbers.
    • Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins). Introduction
  • But merely refraining from befriending and associating with kafirs is not enough. Enmity against the enemies of Allah and the Prophet is a duty incumbent upon every Muslim, declare the ulema. In the Fatawa-i-Rizvia the fatwas on kafirs are grouped under the heading, ‘Nafrat ke Ahkam’ — the ‘Ordinances of Hatred.’ Anyone to whom the struggle between Islam and kufr is ‘just a quarrel between clerics’ is himself a kafir: he is out of Islam, his wives are out of his nikah, declare the fatwas.
    • Fatawa-i-Rizvia cited in Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins) Chapter 4
  • Under no circumstances can the Islamic ruler give permission to kafirs to continue their religious rites, declares the Fatawa-i-Rizvia, and asks: shall he permit them to practise their kufr and thereby himself become a kafir?
    • Fatawa-i-Rizvia quoted in Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins) , Chapter 4
  • ‘And among these Kafirs too there are gradations,’ declares the Fatawa-i-Rizvia in its Nafrat ke Ahkam, the Ordinances of Hatred. ‘One hard kind of basic kufr is Christianity; worse than it is Magianism; worse than that is idolatry; worse than that is Wahabiyat; and worse than all these and more wicked is Deobandiyat.’
    • Fatawa-i-Rizvia cited in Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins), Chapter 5
  • The point is put in perspective on the very next page. If there is some doubt about a woman, the Fatawa-i-Rizvia rules, or if she is a sinner, or if she does not observe namaz, or if she has become old, then talaq given without detestation is proper and valid. In fact, in certain cases it is desirable to do so, says the Fatawa-i-Rizvia. The ulema hold, it declares, that if she does not observe namaz, then, even if he is unable to pay the dower, even then the husband should give the talaq. In certain circumstances it is proper to do so, the fatwa reiterates. For instance, if the mother and father order one to give talaq and if not doing so will upset them or if they will be put to hardship, then to give talaq is wajib, it is proper, even if she, the wife, is not in the wrong at all. Yes, in the Hadis it is said that talaq given without need or justification is detestable or prohibited, notes the fatwa. But if the husband gives it, it shall certainly be effective. His sinning and doing that which is detestable does not stop it from taking effect, it says. For instance, it is haram to give talaq during menstruation, it is disobedience of the hukum of Allah. But if it is given, it shall certainly take effect, the fatwa declares.
    • Fatawa-i-Rizvia quoted in Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins), Chapter 6
  • To even say, ‘What is shariah? Does anyone go by shariah today?’, is kufr, declares the Fatawa-i-Rizvia. Even if the words have been uttered to taunt others, they constitute a grave sin. To say, ‘We do not recognize shariah, we go by custom,’ is kufr, it declares. The ulema issue a fatwa prohibiting Muslims from joining processions of polytheists. A man says, ‘Issuing a fatwa not to join processions of polytheists, etc., is sheer lathbazi.’ The utterance is reported to the ulema. The utterance constitutes denigration of shariah, the Fatawa-i-Rizvia rules, and denigration of shariah is kufr. The man’s wife is free of his nikah. ... To question ijma (consensus) or taqlid (literal adherence) is kufr, they declare. ... Not to believe in Fiqh is kufr, they declare. He who does not accept Fiqh is Satan, they declare.
    • Fatawa-i-Rizvia, quoted in Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins), Chapter 7.

External links[edit]

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