Helene J. Kantor

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Helene J. Kantor (July 15, 1919 – January 13, 1993) was a Chicago-born archaeologist and art historian, specializing in Near Eastern languages and civilizations. She is known for her work in the 1960s and 1970s at Chogha Mish.


  • We have seen that the greatest expansion of Cretan trade occurred in the MM II period, when its wares were carried around the shores of the Mediterranean. Minoan connections with the East apparently continued into the MM III period. A stone vase lid from Knossos inscribed with the name of the Hyksos king Khian is part of the evidence that has been interpreted as an indications of the ephemeral Hyksos empire ranging from Crete to Egypt, and East toward Babylonia.
  • Since Homer celebrated the artistic skill of the Phoenicians the western world has looked to the coastal areas of Syria and Palestine as centers of applied art. We now know that many crafts flourished there not only in the Phoenician period (ca. ninth to fifth centuries b.c.) but also in the preceding Canaanite era, particularly in the sixteenth to thirteenth centuries b.c. when great Syrian and Palestinian cities were centers for the international trade and politics of the Late Bronze period.
  • In the majority of Egyptian tombs most of the representations record the normal and repeated activities of daily life, as been clearly pointed out by H. A. Groenewegen-Frankfort. These processes may involve some consecutive actions, but they are not studies concerning individulas. Rather the tomb owner quiescently observes the different phases of agriculture and crafts or receives his dues. Himself rarely active, when the tomb owner does hunt or spear fish it is not a specific occasion, but a standardized activity typifying a nobleman, which is repeated in tomb after tomb. ... Similary, in temples there are endlessly repeated rituals and heraldic diagrams of the victories and exploits characteristic by definition for the king.

External links[edit]

Encyclopedic article on Helene J. Kantor on Wikipedia