Hu Shih (Chinese: 胡適; 17 December 1891 – 24 February 1962) was a Chinese philosopher, essayist and diplomat. Hu is recognized today as a key contributor to Chinese liberalism and language reform in his advocacy for the use of written vernacular Chinese.
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- It is only through contact and comparison that the relative value or worthlessness of the various cultural elements can be clearly and critically seen and understood. What is sacred among one people may be ridiculous in another; and what is despised or rejected by one cultural group, may in a different environment become the cornerstone for a great edifice of strange grandeur and beauty.
- The Chinese Renaissance (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1934), p. 46
- The original dispute was one of poetic diction... From an interest in the minor problem of poetic diction I was led to see that the problem was really one of a suitable medium for all branches of Chinese literature. The question now became: In what language shall the New China produce its future literature? My answer was: The classical language, so long dead, can never be the medium of a living literature of a living nation; the future literature of China must be written in the living language of the people. "No dead language can produce a living literature." And the living language I proposed as the only possible medium of the future literature of China, was the pei-hau, the vulgar tongue of the vast majority of the population, the language which, in the last 500 years, had produced the numerous novels read and loved by the people, though despised by the men of letters. I wanted this much despised vulgar tongue of the people and the novels to be elevated to the position of the national language of China, to the position enjoyed by all the modern national languages in Europe.
- The Chinese Renaissance, p. 50
- India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.
- The above is a widely known quote. However, some claim what Hu Shih said was "Rather than sending soldiers, India sent a few missionaries to conquer China culturally." Others claim that Hu Shih was not praising Indian culture at all and was in fact a reformist who viewed Indian philosophy negatively, blaming Indian introduced philosophy from monks like Xuanzang for destroying scientific empricism unlike earlier Chinese philosophers of the Warring States period.
- Deepak, B. R. (2020). India and China: Beyond the Binary of Friendship and Enmity. Springer Nature. p. 6. ISBN 9811595003.
- Yeh, Wen-hsin (2006). Kirby, William C.; Leutner, Mechthild; Mühlhahn, Klaus. eds. Global Conjectures: China in Transnational Perspectiv. Berliner China-Hefte Series. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 18. ISBN 3825894819.