Jean-Marc Jancovici

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Jean-Marc Jancovici in 2014

Jean-Marc Jancovici (born 13 February 1962) is a French engineering consultant, energy and climate expert, professor, conference speaker, writer, and independent columnist. He is co-founder and associate at the Carbone 4 consultancy firm, and the founding president of the think-tank The Shift Project.


  • In physics, energy has a very precise definition: it is what characterises something changing in the world surrounding us. [...] Counting energy is therefore nothing else than counting how much the world has changed.
  • When we have replaced human workers by machines, we have gained the fact that we can change the world for 1,000 to 10,000 times less in terms of monetary input. This explains all that has happened to us during the Industrial Revolution. [...] This basically explains all that we have witnessed during the last two centuries.
  • If we have a bottleneck on energy, in terms of volume not in terms of price, then we can have a bottleneck on production. And its is probably what has been happening by little steps since 1975. [...] And if we have an additional bottleneck on resources, then we will also get an additional bottleneck on production.
  • Material can follow a circular path, but energy can only add up. One of the challenges is that even "circular economy" needs "linear energy".
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