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The name Iehova at a Lutheran church in Norway.

Jehovah (Hebrew: יְהֹוָה‎, IPA: |dʒɨˈhoʊvə) is an English-language representation of "the proper name of God" in the Old Testament, the Tetragrammaton, יהוה‬ (YHWH). It is used in some verses in the King James Version translation of the Bible, and more frequently in the New World Translation used by Jehovah's Witnesses. Another representation of the proper name of God more commonly used today is Yahweh.


Exodus 6:3 in a King James Bible from 1853.
Spelling of the Tetragrammaton and connected forms in the Masoretic Text.
  • "You cannot see my face, for no man can see me and live." Jehovah said further: "Here is a place near me. Station yourself on the rock. When my glory is passing by, I will place you in a crevice of the rock, and I will shield you with my hand until I have passed by. After that I will take my hand away, and you will see my back. But my face may not be seen."
  • And Jehovah proceeded to answer Job out of the windstorm and say:
    "Who is this that is obscuring counsel
    By words without knowledge?
    Gird up your loins, please, like an able-bodied man,
    And let me question you, and you inform me.
    Where did you happen to be when I founded the earth?
    Tell [me], if you do know understanding."
  • I, Jehovah, am searching the heart,
Examining the innermost thoughts,
To give to each one according to his ways,
According to the fruitage of his works.
  • Therefore say to the house of Israel, "This is what the Sovereign Lord Jehovah says: 'Not for your sakes am I acting, O house of Israel, but for my holy name, which you profaned among the nations where you have gone.'" "I will certainly sanctify my great name, which was profaned among the nations, which you profaned among them; and the nations will have to know that I am Jehovah," declares the Sovereign Lord Jehovah, "when I am sanctified among you before their eyes."

Quotes about Jehovah

Psalms 83:18 in a King James Bible from 1853.
Symbol of the sun with the Tetragrammaton in the middle, with vowel points from "Adonai", giving the vocalization Jehovah. From Ulrika Eleonora church in Söderhamn, Sweden.
  • That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.
  • Anyone dwelling in the secret place of the Most High Will lodge under the shadow of the Almighty. I will say to Jehovah: "You are my refuge and my stronghold, My God in whom I trust."
The Tetragrammaton with vowel points from "Adonai". From Karlskirche in Austria.
  • Jehovah is merciful and compassionate,
    Slow to anger and abundant in loyal love.
    He will not always find fault,
    Nor will he stay resentful forever.
    He has not dealt with us according to our sins,
    Nor has he repaid us what our errors deserve.
    For as the heavens are higher than the earth,
    So great is his loyal love toward those who fear him.
    As far off as the sunrise is from the sunset,
    So far off from us he has put our transgressions.
    As a father shows mercy to his sons,
    Jehovah has shown mercy to those who fear him.
    For he well knows how we are formed,
    Remembering that we are dust.
  • Jehovah is compassionate and merciful,
    Slow to anger and great in loyal love.
    ט [Teth]
    Jehovah is good to all,
    And his mercy is evident in all his works.
    י [Yod]
  • O Jehovah, you have searched through me, and you know [me].
    You yourself have come to know my sitting down and my rising up.
    You have considered my thought from far off.
"Jehovah" at Exodus 6:3
(1611 King James Version).
  • Jehovah, the Creator of the extremities of the earth, is a God to time indefinite. He does not tire out or grow weary. There is no searching out of his understanding.
  • O the depth of God's riches and wisdom and knowledge! How unsearchable his judgments are and beyond tracing out his ways are! For "who has come to know Jehovah's mind, or who has become his adviser?" Or, "who has first given to him, so that it must be repaid to him?" Because from him and by him and for him are all things. To him be the glory forever. Amen.
  • And the 24 elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshipped God who sits on the throne and said: "Amen! Praise Jah!" Also, a voice came from the throne and said: "Be praising our God, all you his slaves, who fear him, the small ones and the great."
  • What a joy it is to know that Jehovah cares for the spiritual needs of all his people—even those on isolated islands in the middle of the Pacific Ocean! Yes, as the psalmist says, "Jehovah has become King! Let the earth be joyful. Let the many islands rejoice" [Psalms 97:1].
  • Give Him thanks, all ye His works so wondrous! Sing His honor, sing His glory, bless and magnify His Name! Jehovah's praise endures forevermore, Amen, Amen!
    • The libretto of an 18th-century oratorio by Joseph Haydn states in praise of Jehovah. Source: The Watchtower magazine, article: Praise the King of Eternity!, 4/1, 1996.
  • In the name of the great Jehovah, and the Continental Congress!
    • Ethan Allen, in a reported reply as to by what authority he demanded the surrender of Fort Ticonderoga, as recounted in A Narrative of Colonel Ethan Allen's Captivity (1779).
  • Jehovah and the Christian version of God brought about a direct conflict between the so-called forces of good and the so-called forces of evil by largely cutting out all of the intermediary gods, and therefore destroying the subtle psychological give-and-take that occurred between them – among them – and polarizing man's own view of his inner psychological reality.
  • Jehovah, it seems clear, was once regarded as a devoted son the the Great Goddess, who obeyed her in all things and by her favor swallowed up a number of variously named rival gods and godlings—the Terebinth-god, the Thunder-god, the Pomegranate-god, the Bull-god, the Goat-god, the Antelope-god, the Calf-god, the Porpoise-god, the Ram-god, the Ass-god, the Barley-god, the god of Healing, the Moon-god, the god of the Dog-star, the Sun-god. Later (if it is permitted to write in this style) he did exactly what his Roman counterpart, Capitoline Jove, has done: he formed a supernal Trinity in conjunction with two of the Goddess's three persons, namely, Anatha of the Lions and Ashima of the Doves, the counterparts of Juno and Minerva; the remaining person, a sort of Hecate named Sheol, retiring to rule the infernal regions.
  • "Elohim", the name for the creative power in Genesis, is a female plural, a fact that generations of learned rabbis and Christian theologians have all explained as merely grammatical convention. The King James and most other Bibles translate it as "God", but if you take the grammar literally, it seems to mean "goddesses". Al Shaddai, god of battles, appears later, and YHWH, mispronounced Jehovah, later still.
  • If YHWH promised a holy land to his chosen people, they should expect more damnation than paradise. That would be consistent with the Bible's blood-stained stories, and that's the way we've always seen it on the news in my country.
  • If you like, your Jehovah may reign in heaven, but here upon earth it is we who rule! We'll show you who will endure longer, you or we!
    • Heinrich Himmler, cited in the The Watchtower magazine, 11/1979.
    • As told by Ilse Unterdörfer: "The head of the Nazi SS [Schutz-Staffel, or Elite Guard] visited us at the Lichtenburg concentration camp shortly before we were taken to the newly erected camp of Ravensbrück. His purpose was to get Jehovah's Witnesses to abandon their faithfulness to God and to support the Nazi war effort. But, to a person, we refused. At this Himmler flew into a great rage and cried these words."[citation needed]

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