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Jharkhand is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east.


  • In Jharkhand the tribals had a number of encounters and battles, recorded as Santhal Revolt of Tilka Majhi, Siddhu-Kanu, Bhumij (Sardar) Revolt, Vir Buddhu Bhagat Revolt, Tana Bhagat Movement, the Revolt of Birsa Bhagawan, etc., which did not allow the British to set their feet on the sacred land. But the crafty British recorded these territories as 'excluded' to mislead the world. Accordingly, their territories remained outside the purview of the general law. But what an irony of fate, there was no place for this system in our Constitution after independence. The result was an automatic extension of the general laws to these areas. Accordingly the state acquired control over the resources. There were movements for separate identity of Jharkhand. But the spirit of self-governance, a natural right of the community, was forgotten. The issues raised in Jharkhandi Ulgulans (revolts) remained unattended.

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