Joseph Fouché

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Joseph Fouché

Joseph Fouché, 1st Duc d'Otrante (May 21, 1759December 25, 1820) was a French statesman and Minister of Police under Napoleon Bonaparte. In English texts his title is often translated as Duke of Otranto.


  • "It is more than a crime; it is a political fault," —words which I record, because they have been repeated and attributed to others.
    • Memoirs of Fouché. Commonly quoted, "It is worse than a crime,—it is a blunder", and attributed to Talleyrand; reported in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. (1919).
  • Death is an eternal sleep.
    • Inscription placed by his orders on the Gates of the Cemeteries in 1794; reported in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. (1919).
  • Terror, salutary terror, is here in truth the order of the day; it represses all the efforts of the wicked ; it divests crime of all covering and tinsel!
    • In a letter to the Committee of Public Safety while Representative on Mission in the City of Lyon, December 1793; reported in The Court and Camp of Buonaparte (1829), p. 65. See also Caroline Moorehead, Dancing to the Precipice: The Life of Lucie de la Tour Du Pin, Eyewitness to an Era (2010), p. 177, quoting the phrase as "Terror, salutary terror, is the order of the day".

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