Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani

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Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani

Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani (Persian: میر سید علی همدانی‎‎; 22 October 1314 – 18 January 1385) was an Iranian scholar, poet and a Sufi Muslim saint of the Kubrawiya order. He was born in Hamadan, and was buried in Khatlan, Tajikistan. He was known as Shāh-e-Hamadān ("King of Hamadān"), Amīr-i Kabīr ("the Great Commander"), and Ali Sani ("second Ali").


  • Mir Sayyid ‘Ali Hamadani (1314-1385) began to get Hindu temples demolished and the Hindus converted by reckless use of force throughout his sojourn in Kashmir...
    • Harsh Narain, Myths of Composite Culture and Equality of Religions (1990)
  • Setting out this ‘covenant’, S.A.A. Rizvi writes: In emphasizing such a covenant, Saiyid ‘Ali was acting as an ‘alim and not as a sufi. Sultan Qutub’d-Din adopted Persian dress and divorced one of his wives whom he had illegally married earlier. Occasionally he attended congregational prayers led by the Saiyid on a platform built at the site of the Kali Mandir, which he himself had helped to destroy. The demolition of the temple contravened the covenant; probably the Brahmans had not allowed Saiyid ‘Ali’s followers to stay in the temple and the infringement was used as a pretext and later a precedent set by the Saiyid in Kashmir. Truly, an alim! Hamadani (AD 1314-85) was a famous Sufi and is regarded as their patron saint by Muslims in Kashmir. His renowned dargah in Srinagar stands on the site of a Kali temple which he helped destroy.
    • Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins)
  • To take one instance, Saiyid Ali Hamadani urged that the following ‘covenant’ be imposed on the Hindus:
    • They (the Hindus) will not build new idol temples.
    • They will not rebuild any existing temple which may have fallen into disrepair.
    • Muslim travellers will not be prevented from staying in temples.
    • Zimmis will courteously receive a Muslim wishing to attend their meetings.
    • They will not ride horses with saddle and bridle.
    • They will not possess swords, bows or arrows.
    • They will not openly practise their traditional customs amongst Muslims.
    • They will not mourn their dead loudly.....
    • Arun Shourie - The World of Fatwas Or The Sharia in Action (2012, Harper Collins)
  • [Sayyid Ali Hamdani built his khanqah on the site of] ‘a small temple which was demolished... the credit of wiping out the vestiges of infidelity and heresy from the mirror of the conscience of the dwellers of these lands [goes to Sayyid Muhammad].
    • Baharistan-i-shahi. Pundit KN (1991) A Chronicle of Medieval Kashmir, (Translation), Firma KLM Pvt Ltd, Calcutta, p. 35-7 , as quoted in Khan, M. A. (2011). Islamic Jihad: A legacy of forced conversion, imperialism and slavery. ch 4

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