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Mumps, also known as epidemic parotitis, is a viral disease caused by the mumps virus. Initial signs and symptoms often include fever, muscle pain, headache, and feeling tired.
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- Mumps has been recognized as a common childhood illness since the time of Hippocrates in the fifth century BC. In 1790, central nervous system involvement was described by Hamilton and, in 1860, sensorineural deafness by Toynebee. By the 1940s, mumps was garnering mounting concern as a cause of painful orchitis, aseptic meningitis, and encephalitis that was substantially affecting troop mobilization.
- Nigel Curtis; Adam Finn; Andrew J. Pollard (1 December 2010). Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children VII. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 197. ISBN 978-1-4419-7185-2.