Nilus of Sinai
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Saint Nilus the Elder, of Sinai (also known as Neilos, Nilus of Sinai, Nilus of Ancyra; died November 12, 430) was a monk, theologian, Biblical scholar and ascetic writer.
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Ascetic Discourse (425 AD)
- The philosopher must be above all a free man, and not a slave of the passions.
- Philosophy is a state of moral integrity combined with a doctrine of true knowledge concerning reality.
- One was not rich while another was destitute, nor did one overeat while another starved. The generosity of those who were well off made good what others lacked, this willingness to share eliminating every anomaly and establishing equality and fairness - though even then inequality still existed, produced not as it is now by the mad struggle for social status, but by a great desire to live more humbly than others. Envy, malice, arrogance and haughtiness were banished, along with all that leads to discord.
- Why do we cling to money and possessions, and disperse our intellect among a host of useless cares? Our preoccupation with such things diverts us from what is more important and makes us neglect the well-being of the soul, leading us to perdition.