Patrick Carnegy

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Patrick Carnegy, better known as P. Carnegy, was the first British Commissioner and Settlement Officer of Faizabad. His works include the book "Historical Sketch of Faizabad', published in 1870, and "Kachahrí technicalities", published in 1877.


A Historical Sketch of Tehsil Fyzabad[edit]

  • A fine temple in the Janmasthan; for many of its columns arc still in existence and in good preservation, having been used by the Musalmans in the construction of the Babari Mosque. ... The Janmasthan is within a few hundred paces of the Hanuman Garhi. In 1855 when a great rupture took place between the Hindus and Mahomedans the former occupied the Hanuman Garhi in force, while the Musalmans took possession of the Janmasthana. The Mahomedans on that occasion actually charged up the steps of the Hanuman Garhi, but were driven back with considerable loss. The Hindus then followed up this success, and at the third attempt, took the Janmasthan, at the gate of which 75 Mahomedans are buried in the “Martyrs’ grave” (Ganj-Shahid). Several of the King’s Regiments were looking on all the time, but their orders were not to interfere ... It is said that up to that time, the Hindus and Mohamedans alike used to worship in the mosque-temple. Since the British rule a railing has been put up to prevent dispute, within which, in the mosque the Mohamedans pray, while outside the fence the Hindus have raised a platform on which they make their offerings.
    • P. Carnegy: A Historical Sketch of Tehsil Fyzabad, Lucknow 1870, [1] cited by Harsh Narain The Ayodhya Temple Mosque Dispute: Focus on Muslim Sources, 1993, New Delhi, Penman Publications. ISBN 81-85504-16-4 p.8-9, and by Peter Van der Veer Religious Nationalism, p.153, and in Kiśora, K. (2016). Ayodhyā revisited.
  • It is locally affirmed that at the Mahomedan conquest there were' three important Hindu shrines ... at Ayodhya. These were the Janmasthan, the Sargadwar Mandir and the Treta- ka-Thakur. On the first of these Babar built the mosque which still bears his name ... On the second, Aurangzeb did the same ... and on the third that sovereign, or his predecessor, built a mosque, according to the well-known Mahomedan principle of enforcing their religion on all whom they conquered
    • (Camegy 1870: 20-21). P. Carnegy: A Historical Sketch of Tehsil Fyzabad, Lucknow 1870, in Jain, M. (2017). The battle of Rama: Case of the temple at Ayodhya. ch 3

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