Pope Pius IX
Pope Pius IX (13 May 1792 – 7 February 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti), was head of the Catholic Church from 16 June 1846 to his death on 7 February 1878. He was the longest-reigning elected Pope in the history of the Catholic Church, serving for over 31 years. During his pontificate, Pius IX convened the First Vatican Council (1869–70), which decreed papal infallibility, but the council was cut short owing to the loss of the Papal States.
- This evil doctrine which is called Communism, radically contrary to natural rights itself; this doctrine, once accepted, would be the complete ruin of all rights, institutions, properties and of human society itself.
- Qui pluribus (9 November 1846), quoted in Paul Higginson, 'The Vatican and Communism from ′Divini Redemptoris′ to Pope Paul VI', New Blackfriars, Vol. 61, No. 719 (April 1980), p. 159
- Some of you may perchance wonder that the war against the Catholic Church extends so widely. Indeed each of you knows well the nature, zeal, and intention of sects, whether called Masonic or some other name. When he compares them with the nature, purpose, and amplitude of the conflict waged nearly everywhere against the Church, he cannot doubt but that the present calamity must be attributed to their deceits and machinations for the most part. For from these the synagogue of Satan is formed which draws up its forces, advances its standards, and joins battle against the Church of Christ. (Encyclical Etsi multa, 21 November 1873, St. Peter Basilica)
Quotes about Pope Pius IX
- ...the main cause of his popularity was the magic of his presence, which was such as to dissipate and utterly destroy the fog out of which the image of a Pope looms to the ordinary Englishman. His uncompromising faith, his courage, the graceful intermingling in him of the human and the divine, the humour, the wit, the playfulness with which he tempered his severity, his naturalness, and then his true eloquence, and the resources he had at command for meeting with appropriate words the circumstances of the moment, overcame those who were least likely to be overcome.
- John Henry Newman, address to the Birmingham Annual Catholic Reunion (27 January 1880), quoted in W. P. Neville (ed.), Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 (1905), p. 243
- Latin encyclical "Etsi multa" translated into English. papalencyclicals.net.. URL archived from the original on 13 September 2013, and also readable on the [Holy See website