St. Clair Drake

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John Gibbs St. Clair Drake (January 2, 1911 – June 15, 1990) was an African-American sociologist and anthropologist.


  • The very use of the term Black Studies is by implication an indictment of American and Western European scholarship. It makes bold assertion that what we have heretofore called ‘Objective’ intellectual activities were actually white studies in perspective and content; and that a corrective bias, a shift in emphasis, is needed, even if something called ‘truth’ is set as the goal. To use a technical sociological term, the present body of knowledge has an ideological element in it, and a counterideology is needed. Black Studies supply that counterideology.
    • 1969 address to Brooklyn College, as cited in Marable, Manning. 2000. “Black Studies and the Racial Mountain.” Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Society, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 21.

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