Before European settlement, the area was a regional center of Native American Mississippian culture. St. Louis was founded on February 14, 1764 by French fur traders, who named it for Louis IX of France. The city was the point of embarkation for the Corps of Discovery on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. In the 19th century, St. Louis became a major port on the Mississippi River; from 1870 until the 1920 census, it was the fourth-largest city in the country.
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- Sing it loud: I'm from the Lou, and I'm proud.
- Cornell Haynes, "Country Grammar" (2000)
- Meet me in St. Louie, Louie
- Encyclopedic article on St. Louis on Wikipedia