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- Abandoning false speech, he speaks the truth, holds to the truth, is firm, reliable, no deceiver of the world.
- Abandoning divisive speech, ... what he has heard here he does not tell there to break those people apart from these people here...Thus reconciling those who have broken apart or cementing those who are united, he loves concord, delights in concord, enjoys concord, speaks things that create concord.
- Abandoning abusive speech, ... he speaks words that are soothing to the ear, that are affectionate, that go to the heart, that are polite, appealing and pleasing to people at large.
- Abandoning idle chatter, ... he speaks in season, speaks what is factual, what is in accordance with the goal, the Dhamma, and the Vinaya. He speaks words worth treasuring, seasonable, reasonable, circumscribed, connected with the goal.