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Monotheism is the worship of one god.
- שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ יְהוָה אֶחָד.
- Πιστεύω εἰς ἕνα Θεόν, Πατέρα, Παντοκράτορα, ποιητὴν οὐρανοῦ καὶ γῆς, ὁρατῶν τε πάντων καὶ ἀοράτων.
- I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth, and of all things visible and invisible.
- Incipit of the Nicene Creed.
- أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله و أشهد أن محمد رسول الله.
- I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is His Messenger.
- Ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἀπεκρίθη αὐτῷ ὅτι «Πρώτη πάντων τῶν ἐντολῶν, ‹Ἄκουε, Ἰσραήλ, Κύριος ὁ Θεὸς ἡµῶν, Κύριος εἷς ἐστίν›· 30καὶ ἀγαπήσεις κύριον τὸν Θεόν σου ἐξ ὅλης τῆς καρδίας σου, καὶ ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ψυχῆς σου, καὶ ἐξ ὅλης τῆς διανοίας σου, καὶ ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ἰσχύος σου. Αὕτη πρώτη ἐντολή».
- And Jesus answered him, “The first of all the commandments is, ‛Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord,’ 30and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.”
- Mark 12:29-30
- As one reads the scriptures of Christianity and Islam with a morally alert mind, one starts getting sick of the very sound of word ‘god’ which word is littered all over this literature like dead leaves in autumn. The deeds which are ascribed to or approved of by this God are quite often so cruel and obnoxious as to leave one wondering that if these are the doings of the Divine, what else is there which is left for the Devil to do.
- Sita Ram Goel, Defence of Hindu Society (1983)
- Abraham was the first to teach the Unity of God, to establish the faith, to cause it to remain among coming generations, and to win his fellow-men to his doctrine; as Scripture says of him: "I know him, that he will command," &c. (Gen. xviii. 19)
- The chief rival to monotheism, I shall contend, is henotheism or that social faith which makes a finite society, whether cultural or religious, the object of trust as well as of loyalty and which tends to subvert even officially monotheistic institutions, such as the churches.
- H. Richard Niebuhr, Radical Monotheism and Western Culture (1960), p. 11
- Monotheistic religions alone furnish the spectacle of religious wars, religious persecutions, heretical tribunals, that breaking of idols and destruction of images of the gods, that razing of Indian temples and Egyptian colossi, which had looked on the sun 3,000 years: just because a jealous god had said, 'Thou shalt make no graven image.'
- Arthur Schopenhauer, On Religion.
- Monotheism occupies so large a space in the view of modern minds, that it is scarcely possible to form a just estimate of the preceding phases of the theological philosophy.
- As Christianity in its beginnings was surrounded by the polytheistic beliefs and practices of the pagan world, a clear and authoritative expression of Monotheism was necessary. Hence the symbols of faith, or creeds, open with the words: "I [we] believe in God"...(APOSTLES' CREED; ATHANASIAN CREED ; NICENE CREED.)
- . Monotheism. The Catholic Encyclopedia.