Taxonomy (biology)

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Linné Classes Plantarum Cesalpino

Taxonomy (from Ancient Greek: τάξις taxis, "arrangement," and -νομία -nomia, "method") is the science of defining groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics and giving names to those groups.


  • Taxonomy makes sense out of the bewildering variety of life on Earth and is meant to provide valuable insight into evolution. As more is learned about living things, including the evolutionary relationships between species, taxonomy changes.
    • Sylvia S. Mader, Biology (10th ed., 2010), Ch. 1. A View of Life

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