Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
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- Tuberculosis is one of the classical afflictions of city life associated with poverty, overcrowding, malnutrition, and industrial stress. It often occurs when there is transition from a rural to urban life.
- During the period 1960–1980, with lower incidences and decreasing trends, TB ceased to be pursued actively as a research subject in several western countries. However, it continued to be a focus of research in developing countries, especially in India, where TB was and continues to be a major health burden. The late Prof. M. Sirsi is acknowledged to have initiated TB research at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, one of the premier institutions of India.