Good Friday

From Wikiquote
Jump to: navigation, search
A Stabat Mater depiction, 1868
Icon of the Crucifixion, 16th century, by Theophanes the Cretan (Stavronikita Monastery, Mount Athos) -Good Friday, the day when Christians remember the crucifixion of Jesus. The crucifixion and resurrection are the central events in the Christian faith. That is why Good Friday and Easter Sunday are such important days in the Christian year. The cross is the central theme of worship.
Rev. Alkiviadis Calivas:On the Great and Holy Friday we commemorate the holy, saving and awesome sufferings of our Lord and God and Saviour Jesus Christ: the spitting, the striking, the scourging, the cursing, the mockery; the crown of thorns, the purple cloak, the rod, the sponge, the vinegar and gall, the nails, the spear; and above all the cross and the death, which He voluntarily endured for us. Also we commemorate the saving confession of the grateful thief who was crucified with Him.
Crucifix prepared for veneration.

Good Friday is a religious holiday observed primarily by Christians commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary. The holiday is observed during Holy Week as part of the Paschal Triduum on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, and may coincide with the Jewish observance of Passover. It is also known as Holy Friday, Great Friday, Black Friday or Easter Friday, though the latter properly refers to the Friday in Easter week.

Quotes[edit]

  • So shall we join the disciples of our Lord, keeping faith in Him in spite of the crucifixion, and making ready, by our loyalty to Him in the days of His darkness, for the time when we shall enter into His triumph in the days of His light.
  • On the Great and Holy Friday we commemorate the holy, saving and awesome sufferings of our Lord and God and Saviour Jesus Christ: the spitting, the striking, the scourging, the cursing, the mockery; the crown of thorns, the purple cloak, the rod, the sponge, the vinegar and gall, the nails, the spear; and above all the cross and the death, which He voluntarily endured for us. Also we commemorate the saving confession of the grateful thief who was crucified with Him.
  • So shall we join the disciples of our Lord, keeping faith in Him in spite of the crucifixion, and making ready, by our loyalty to Him in the days of His darkness for the time when we shall enter into His triumph in the days of His light. And the beauty of it is that the same method runs throughout the disciples' work which ran through His work. Christ's method is repeating itself in the work of His disciples forever...
  • All four gospels indicate that the day of the crucifixion of Jesus was a Friday, because the following day they describe as Sabbath, our Saturday, and because they state that the visit of the women to the tomb on the next day was on the first day of the week, our Sunday.
    • Gospels (Mark 15.42 & 16:2, Matt 28:1, Luke 23:56 & 24:1, and John 19:31 & 20:1), in "The Good Friday Myth: And the Prophecy It Conceals", p. 27
Matthew Henry:Christ died He left a will in which He gave His soul to His Father, His body to Joseph of Arimathea, His clothes to the soldiers and His mother to John. But to His disciples, who had left all to follow Him, He left not silver or gold, but something far better – His PEACE!
Gwyneth Windsor: Some Church Choirs perform some special music on Good Friday. A popular choice has been Stainer’s Crucifixion which tells the story of the Crucifixion in words and music. A lone voice begins, ‘Could ye not watch with me one brief hour? The haunting words and melodies have helped countless Christians to rethink the meaning of Jesus’ death.
  • It was the preparation of the passover - For this reason both the Jews and Pilate were desirous to bring the matter to a conclusion. Every Friday was called the preparation, (namely, for the Sabbath.) And as often as the passover fell on a Friday, that day was called the preparation of the passover.
  • Then took the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.(John 19:40) Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. [In the place where he was crucified - There was a garden in the same tract of land: but the cross did not stand in the garden.] (John 19:41)There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand. (John 19:41) [Because of the preparation - That is, they chose the rather to lay him in that sepulchre which was nigh, because it was the day before the Sabbath, which also was drawing to an end, so that they had no time to carry him far.
    • John 19:14, in "Wesley's Notes on the Bible:John 19".
  • Some Church Choirs perform some special music on Good Friday. A popular choice has been Stainer’s Crucifixion which tells the story of the Crucifixion in words and music. A lone voice begins, ‘Could ye not watch with me one brief hour? The haunting words and melodies have helped countless Christians to rethink the meaning of Jesus’ death.
    • Gwyneth Windsor, John Hughes, in "Worship and Festivals 1990", p. 69

The collected works of G.K. Chesterton (1987)[edit]

Christ the Redeemer

G.K. Chesterton The collected works of G.K. Chesterton (1987) pp.188-90

  • All the great groups that stood about the Cross represent in one way or another the great historical truth of the time; that the world could not save itself. Man could do no more. Rome and Jerusalem and Athens and everything else were going down like a sea turned into a slow cataract. Externally indeed the ancient world was still at its strongest; it is always at that moment that the inmost weakness begins. But in order to understand that weakness we must repeat what has been said more than once; that it was not the weakness of a thing originally weak. It was emphatically the strength of the world that was turned to weakness and the wisdom of the world that was turned to folly.
  • In this story of Good Friday it is the best things in the world that are at their worst. That is what really shows us the world at its worst. It was, for instance, the priests of a true monotheism and the soldiers of an international civilisation. Rome, the legend, founded upon fallen Troy and triumphant over fallen Carthage, had stood for a heroism which was the nearest that any pagan ever came to chivalry. Rome had defended the household gods and the human decencies against the ogres of Africa and the hermaphrodite monstrosities of Greece. But in the lightning flash of this incident, we see great Rome, the imperial republic, going downward under her Lucretian doom. Scepticism has eaten away even the confident sanity of the conquerors of the world. He who is enthroned to say what is justice can only ask:
  • ‘What is truth?’ So in that drama which decided the whole fate of antiquity, one of the central figures is fixed in what seems the reverse of his true role. Rome was almost another name for responsibility. Yet he stands for ever as a sort of rocking statue of the irresponsible. Man could do no more. Even the practical had become the impracticable. Standing between the pillars of his own judgement-seat, a Roman had washed his hands of the world.
  • Since that day it has never been quite enough to say that God is his heaven and all is right with the world; since the rumour that God had left his heavens to set it right.

Holy Friday (24. April 2008) Serbian Orthodox Church[edit]

Because of the penitence and sorrow associated with the Crucifixion, the Divine Liturgy is never celebrated on Good Friday, which Eastern Orthodox call "Holy and Great Friday", except when this day coincides with the feast of the Annunciation. The faithful revisit the events of the day through public reading of the Psalms and Gospels, and singing hymns about Christ's death. Rich visual imagery and symbolism as well as stirring hymnody are remarkable elements of these observances. In the Orthodox understanding, the events of Holy Week are not simply an annual commemoration of past events, but the faithful actually participate in the death and resurrection of Jesus.

Holy Friday (24. April 2008) Serbian Orthodox Church

  • Because of the penitence and sorrow associated with the Crucifixion, the Divine Liturgy is never celebrated on Good Friday, which Eastern Orthodox call "Holy and Great Friday", except when this day coincides with the feast of the Annunciation.
  • The faithful revisit the events of the day through public reading of the Psalms and Gospels, and singing hymns about Christ's death. Rich visual imagery and symbolism as well as stirring [[w:Hymnody|hymnody are remarkable elements of these observances. In the Orthodox understanding, the events of Holy Week are not simply an annual commemoration of past events, but the faithful actually participate in the death and resurrection of Jesus.
  • Each hour of this day is the new suffering and the new effort of the expiatory suffering of the Savior. And the echo of this suffering is already heard in every word of our worship service -unique and incomparable both in the power of tenderness and feeling and in the depth of the boundless compassion for the suffering of the Savior. The Holy Church opens before the eyes of believers a full picture of the redeeming suffering of the Lord beginning with the bloody sweat in the Garden of Gethsemane up to the crucifixion on Golgotha. Taking us back through the past centuries in thought, the Holy Church brings us to the foot of the cross of Christ erected on Golgotha, and makes us present among the quivering spectators of all the torture of the Savior. Holy and Great Friday is observed as a strict fast, and adult Byzantine Christians are expected to abstain from all food and drink the entire day to the extent that their health permits. On this Holy day neither a meal is offered nor do we eat on this day of the crucifixion. If someone is unable or has become very old [or is] unable to fast, he may be given bread and water after sunset. In this way we come to the holy commandment of the Holy Apostles not to eat on Great Friday.
  • On this Holy day neither a meal is offered nor do we eat on this day of the crucifixion. If someone is unable or has become very old [or is] unable to fast, he may be given bread and water after sunset. In this way we come to the holy commandment of the Holy Apostles not to eat on Great Friday.
  • Holy and Great Friday is observed as a strict fast, and adult Byzantine Christians are expected to abstain from all food and drink the entire day to the extent that their health permits.

Date of Christ's Death[edit]

  • The New Testament says that Jesus Christ died on the day after the first night with a full moon following the vernal equinox day. The astronomers employed information about revolution of the planets within 26-35 AD and found out that it was only two times within the period that the fool moon followed the vernal equinox immediately. The first date was Friday, April 7, 30 AD and the second time this combination repeated was April 3, 33AD. However, the Bible also mentions a solar eclipse that occurred during crucifixion of Jesus Christ. According to astronomy records, a partial solar eclipse was registered only in 33AD.
    • Reasoning attributed to Bible for determination of the date of Christ’s death, in "Date of Christ's Death Pinpointed (16 May2003)".

Communion[edit]

... Because people remain to pray before the Blessed Sacrament, any work on the environment should be done in silence, particularly if the place of repose is within earshot....The Blessed Sacrament is brought into the sanctuary for Holy Communion along with a fair linen, corporal and candles. These are returned to the altar of repose and the sacristy, respectively after Communion.
  • The rubrics call for the altar to be stripped and the removal or veiling of crosses after the liturgy in preparation for Good Friday. Veils should be violet in color. If the font is to be emptied, this may happen at this time also. While the church need not be stripped of furniture and art, generally simplicity should be the norm for Good Friday. Because people remain to pray before the Blessed Sacrament, any work on the environment should be done in silence, particularly if the place of repose is within earshot....The Blessed Sacrament is brought into the sanctuary for Holy Communion along with a fair linen, corporal and candles. These are returned to the altar of repose and the sacristy, respectively after Communion.
    • Robert C. Rabe, et. Al, in "Sourcebook for Sundays, Seasons, and Weekdays 2014: The Almanac for Pastoral...", p. 147

Epitaphios

Eugen J. Pentiuc:...Initially, the epitaphios depicted the amnos (lamb), the dead Christ By the fourteenth century the epitaphios became the epitaphios threnos (burial lament). Instead of a solitary Christ lying dead as in the early epitaphios, the epitaphios threnos, depicting a funeral gathering of figures, includes the lamentation of the Theotokos over the dead son.

Ban on Gambling[edit]

  • Ironically, the soldiers who crucified Jesus then gambled for his clothes. But Jesus said, 'Father forgive them, for they don't know what they are doing'.
    • Rev Ken Howcroft, in “Good Friday gambling angers churches (21 March 2008)”

Self-flagellation[edit]

The Church does not recommend it, because the Church is against self-flagellation. But we cannot question somebody's faith.
Ruben Enaje: It is painful and difficult. But I will continue doing this for as long as I can. This is my pledge to God.

Kathy Marks Dozens ignore warnings to re-enact crucifixion 22 March 2008

  • Dozens of people were nailed to crosses in the devoutly Roman Catholic Philippines on Good Friday, in a gruesome re-enactment of the crucifixion, while others atoned for their sins by flaying themselves with bamboo whips or paddles tipped with broken glass.
  • The ritual has become a Good Friday tradition in certain villages, where tourists flock to hear the locals scream in agony as seven-inch nails are driven into their hands and feet. Penitents are then hoisted up on crosses and left for five minutes in the scorching sun before the nails are pulled out.
  • It is painful and difficult. But I will continue doing this for as long as I can. This is my pledge to God.
    • Ruben Enaje, donned a crown of thorns in Cutud [near Manila] before being nailed to a cross for the 22nd time. Mr Enaje, a 47-year-old decorator told he had missed the ritual only once, eight years ago. He was subsequently stricken with stomach ulcers and his wife was taken ill.
  • The Church does not recommend it, because the Church is against self-flagellation. But we cannot question somebody's faith.
    • Fr Norman Vitug
  • [just a] show. The spiritual dimension is totally lost.
  • Deogracias Iniguez
  • This Good Friday, help me Lord to become a humble and loving person, just like you. Make me more like you Jesus so that I may lead others to you. Amen
    • Wolston Lobo

Procession[edit]

A Good Friday procession in Mumbai by Indian Roman Catholics, depicting the Way of the Cross
  • In many places, Christians of different denominations join for a procession [on Good Friday] through a city or town. The procession passes through the streets, usually with one or two people carrying a large wooden cross]], which may be placed in a square or other area large enough to allow a short act of worship to take place.
    • Gordon Geddes, Jane Griffiths, in "Christian Belief and Practice: The Roman Catholic Tradition (2002)", p. 115

Hot cross buns[edit]

Hot cross buns traditionally toasted and eaten on Good Friday
  • You have got the bread, as per the communion, you have got the spices that represent the spices Jesus was wrapped in in the tomb, and you have got the cross. They are fairly full of Christian symbolism.
    • Finlo Rohrer, in “How did hot cross buns become two a penny? (1 April 2010)”

External links[edit]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about: