Ahmad ibn Hanbal
Ahmad ibn Hanbal or Abū ʿAbdillāh Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Ḥanbal Ash-Shaybānī (November 780 — 2 August 855) often referred to as Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal or Ibn Ḥanbal for short, was an Arab Muslim jurist, theologian, ascetic, hadith traditionist, and founder of the Hanbali school of Sunni jurisprudence — one of the four major orthodox legal schools of Sunni Islam.
- If my soul were in my hands, I would have released it.
- 'If the scholars remains silent the grounds of dissimulation (Taqiyah), and the ignorant do not know, when will the truth be manifested?'
- How would anyone be whose Lord is demanding that he carry out the obligatory duties, and his Prophet (Muhammad) is demanding that he follow the Sunnah), and th two angels (Kiraman Katibin) are demanding that he mend his ways, and his Nafs is demanding that he follow its whims and desires, and Iblīs is demanding that he commit immoral actions, and the angel of death (Azrael) is watching and waiting to take his soul, and his dependents are demanding that he spend on their maintenance?
- There is no choice but the Sunnah and following it. And analogy should only be based on comparing something to an established principle (a precedent from the time of the Prophet Muhammad). But to come to the principle and demolish it and then say this is by analogy - on what basis are you making your analogy?
Quote from his last Sermon
- Say to the followers of innovation (Bidʻah): the judge between us and you is the day of funerals.
- My eyes never saw anyone better than Ahmad bin Hanbal, and I have never seen anyone among the scholars of Hadith who shows more respect for the sacred limits of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (Muhammad), if (a report) if proven to be Saheeh. And I have never seen anyone more keen to follow (the Sunnah) than him.
- Abdul-Malik al-Maimooni, quoted in Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, English translation, Vol. 1, p. 19