Islamic law

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Islamic law is expression of Allah's will according to Islamic belief. Sharia law (Arabic: شريعة‎ šarīʿah, IPA: [ʃaˈriːʕa], "legislation"; also spelled shariah, sharīʿah; also known as Islamic law, قانون إسلامي qānūn ʾIslāmī) is the moral code and religious law of Islam. Sharia is derived from two primary sources of Islamic law: the precepts set forth in the Quran, and the example set by the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the Sunnah. Fiqh jurisprudence interprets and extends the application of sharia to questions not directly addressed in the primary sources by including secondary sources. Muslims believe sharia is God's law, but they differ as to what exactly it entails. Modernists, traditionalists and fundamentalists all hold different views of sharia, as do adherents to different schools of Islamic thought and scholarship. Different countries, societies and cultures have varying interpretations of sharia as well.


Alphabetized by author or source
  • Palestine is an Arab and Islamic land, and nobody is allowed to forsake any part of Palestine. Any agreement or negotiations that grant the Jews any rights in Palestine are null and void from the perspective of Islamic law. Our religion does not accept such an agreement, and nor do our national interest or the interest of humanity.
  • Islamic law protects human life. While we condemn the killing of any Muslim and of any believer, whether Muslim or not, we also condemn manifestations of aggression against the peaceful and innocent, anywhere in the world. What happened in London, the attacks against peaceful and innocent people, among them Muslims and believers... This does not mean that the killing of non-Muslims — peaceful and innocent men, women, and children — is allowed. Allah forbade any man from striking fear in another man's heart, from killing another man, and from oppressing another man.
    • Sheik Ahmad Khalil, as quoted in "Terror in London — Friday Sermon in Amman, Jordan — In the Presence of King Abdullah, Preacher Denounces Attacks" at (July 2005), also in transcript at Free Republic (8 July 2005).
  • The noble Islamic law deals with all issues. One of the most important issues is protecting women's honor — indeed, defending families, and protecting societies and generations from the flames of vice, from the removal of the veil, from the volcanoes of debauchery, from the storms of evil, from the armies of harlotry, from the voracity of pleasure, and from bestial libertinism. The most dangerous weapon which the enemy has raised against us — with which he tore to pieces our established order, and with which he soiled our spiritual and social purity — is the terrible deluge of all manner of vice, which is considered a form of moral terrorism against the values, ideals, and virtues of the Islamic nation. [This war is waged] by means of the licentious satellite channels and the vile spider webs of the Internet, whose gloom fills the sky with darkness and spreads its stench in all directions, and by means of those hidden computer discs, which are the cauldron of sin, consumed by the old, young, and inexperienced.
  • The divorce of a wife who develops an aversion from husband and hates him, and surrenders to him her Mahr[1] or some of her property so that he may divorce her, is called Khula Divorce[2] The hatred must have reached a proportion where she would not allow him conjugal rights.
    • Divorce chapter; 2537
  • We must know that [wife] beating is a punishment in Islamic religious law.... They blow what is happening in the Muslim countries out of proportion. They bring a woman from South-Eastern Asia with a swollen face and present her on TV, claiming this was done by a Muslim who attacked his wife. They forget that Islam is a religion that forbids beating the face even of beasts. It is forbidden to beat even a donkey on its face. ....[The Koran says:] "and beat them." This verse is of a wondrous nature.
    • Unnamed preacher, quoted in "Friday Sermon on Qatar TV: With Some Women, Life is Impossible Unless You Carry a Rod" at MEMRITV (27 August 2004); also in transcript at Dharma Universe LLC.

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  • mahr=dowry
  • Khula divorce=~the husband can demand a payment to grant to divorce. No divorce is possible without the husband's permission under Islamic laws.