Liberal democracy

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The Eduskunta, the parliament of Finland as the Grand Duchy of Finland, had universal suffrage in 1906 for being the first with universal suffrage

Liberal democracy, also referred to as Western democracy, is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.


  • Experience suggests that if men cannot struggle on behalf of a just cause because that just cause was victorious in an earlier generation, then they will struggle against the just cause. They will struggle for the sake of struggle. They will struggle, in other words, out of a certain boredom: for they cannot imagine living in a world without struggle. And if the greater part of the world in which they live is characterized by peaceful and prosperous liberal democracy, then they will struggle against that peace and prosperity, and against democracy.
  • Even in the most liberal democracy the artist does not move with perfect freedom and unrestraint; even there he is restricted by innumerable considerations foreign to his art.
    • Arnold Hauser, The Social History of Art, Volume I. From Prehistoric Times to the Middle Ages, 1999
  • The ascension of the Taliban is, in short, the latest and greatest blow to Western liberal democracy’s legitimacy worldwide.

The Fall of Kabul is, though, perhaps the greatest discrediting of the liberal world order in the 21 st century. Liberalism’s inevitability, shattered by previous failures in the Third World and the populist upswing across the West, is finally buried in its sandy Kabul tomb.

  • Liberal democracy was never actually democratic, in the end. Plutocratic elites often found ways to bend or exploit popular will for their benefit. Unelected kritarchies could easily overturn popular referendums, such as California’s Prop 8 and Prop 187. These same courts legalized gay marriage in 2015 and added transgenderism as a protected category to the Civil Rights Act in 2020, all without popular consent. Corporate power often advanced unwanted social agendas using economic blackmail, such as the 2016 boycott of North Carolina following the passage of anti-transgender legislation. Corporate HR departments and social media terms & conditions dictate speech codes, forcing the average man to fear unemployment or deplatforming for non- elite approved opinions. Domestic agencies, such as the FBI, often persecute dissenters with conjured-up falsehoods about “political extremism.” Lastly, and perhaps most damningly, most Western politicians are beholden to certain classes of entrenched elite interests through corporate money and blackmail.
  • Liberal democracy has never dared face the fact that industrial capitalism is an intensely coercive form of organization of society that cumulatively constrains men and all of their institutions to work the will of the minority who hold and wield economic power; and that this relentless warping of men's lives and forms of association becomes less and less the result of voluntary decisions by "bad" or "good" men and more and more an impersonal web of coercions dictated by the need to keep "the system" running.
  • Let us confidently declare that Christian democracy is not liberal. Liberal democracy is liberal, while Christian democracy is, by definition, not liberal: it is, if you like, illiberal. And we can specifically say this in connection with a few important issues – say, three great issues. Liberal democracy is in favour of multiculturalism, while Christian democracy gives priority to Christian culture; this is an illiberal concept. Liberal democracy is pro-immigration, while Christian democracy is anti-immigration; this is again a genuinely illiberal concept. And liberal democracy sides with adaptable family models, while Christian democracy rests on the foundations of the Christian family model; once more, this is an illiberal concept.

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