Manuel Fraga Iribarne

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Manuel Fraga Iribarne
Manuel Fraga Iribarne


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Wikipedia-logo.png Biography at Wikipedia

Manuel Fraga Iribarne (Vilalba,November, 23 1922Madrid, January, 15th 2012) was a politician and Spanish diplomat during Franco's dictatorship, the {{w:Spanish transition to democracy|transition}} and later democracy years.


Franco and Francoism[edit]

  • "It is obious that the glorious day of July, 18, 1936 [Franco's coup d'état] was one of the nicest political and social movements that the world remembers. Historians shall admit that the most and best part of the country was the one who raised against the governement, illegal and corrupt, who was preparing the darkest red revolution from the power". 1949 [1]
  • "A great man" [...] "and the greatest and most representative of the Spanish people of the 20th century" [...] "one of the great leaders we have had in our history" — The day Francisco Franco, the dictator, died. [2]
  • "The Franco Regime has set the basis for an ordered Spain. Actually, just compare today's Spain with the situation in the 30s" —(December, 30, 2007)[3][4]
  • "I would not execute [by firing squad] certain people. They should be hooked off their balls." – Fraga's answer to "Are you as a professor against the death penalty?" [5]


  • "My mother (from Iparralde) understood perfectly that she had to teach French, not Basque, which is a dead language." [2]
  • "The language is named Spanish, not Castillian! Spanish is the language of everybody. It has become the language of Spain already [...] Catalonia was occupied by Felipe IV, by Felipe V (who defeated the Catalans), it was bombed by general Espartero, who was a revolutionary general, and we occupied it in 1939 and we are prepared to take the rifle again. Therefore, you shall guess what to expect. Here I have my rifle to use it again" [6]

Transition to democracy[edit]

  • "We will not seat at the same table with the comunists. I will never talk to them" [1]
  • "Legalisation of the Communist Party is a real coup d'état" [2]
  • "The best terrorist, the dead one" [5]

Gasteiz Facts[edit]

  • "Streets are mine!" — Interior Ministry during social problems in Gasteiz Fets de Vitòria de 1976.[2]
  • "Those who have not learnt from Gasteiz will be responsible for their own acts. Those who want to fight, will be fought. With all of its consequences. Stop being fool "[5]

Periferical Nationalisms[edit]

  • "Legalising the Basque flag over my dead body" [2]


  1. a b Hernández, María Jesús. El verbo de don Manuel
  2. a b c d e . Frases que reflejan el recorrido de Manuel Fraga (in castellà). Gara (16th January 2012).
  3. Manuel Fraga, Popular party MP: 'En Galicia no hay un gobierno, sino dos partidos que quieren pisar moqueta' Entrevista al Diari de Vigo.
  4. Fraga: "El franquismo ha sentado las bases para una España con más orden" Diari El País (30 de desembre de 2007)
  5. a b c . Mor al llit, impunement, Manuel Fraga, icona del franquisme i responsable dels assassinats de Gasteiz (in catalan). Setmanari La Directa (16th January 2012). Retrieved on 16th January 2012.
  6. . Mor Fraga. Crò (15th January 2012). Retrieved on 16th January 2012.