Wikiquote:How to edit a page

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This page has been adapted from one on the Wikipedia, and still needs further editing, keep this in mind if you are using it for guidance.


Wikiquote is a Wiki, meaning that anyone can edit with ease any article and have those changes posted immediately. This page is the reference for Wiki markup. You may also want to learn about:

It's very easy to edit a Wiki page. Just click on the "Edit this page" link at the top or bottom (also on the sidebar) of a Wiki page to change the page itself, or click on "Discuss this page" link and then on "Edit this page" to write on the corresponding talk page. This will bring you to a page with a text box containing the editable text of that Wiki page.

Then type away, write a short edit summary on the small field below the edit-box and when finished press "Save"! You can also preview your changes before saving if you like. Depending on your system, pressing Enter while the edit box is not active (there is no typing cursor in it) may have the same effect as pressing Save.

Please use a neutral point of view, and please cite your sources so others can check and extend your work.

It is often more convenient to copy and paste the text first into your favorite text editor, edit and spell check there, and then paste back into the browser to preview. This way, you can also keep a local backup copy of the pages you authored so that you can make changes offline.

Minor edits

When editing a page, a logged-in user has the option of flagging the edit as a "minor edit". When to use this is somewhat a matter of personal preference. The rule of thumb is that an edit of a page that is spelling corrections, formatting, and minor rearranging of text should be flagged as a "minor edit". A major edit is basically something that makes the entry worth relooking at for somebody who wants to watch the article rather closely, so any "real" change, even if it is a single word, is a major edit. This feature is important, because users can choose to hide minor edits in their view of the Recent Changes page, to keep the volume of edits down to a manageable level.

The reason for not allowing a user who is not logged in to mark an edit as minor is that vandalism could then be marked as a minor edit, in which case it would stay unnoticed longer. This limitation is another reason to log in.

The wiki markup

In the left column of the table below, you can see what effects are possible. In the right column, you can see how those effects were achieved. In other words, to make text look like it looks in the left column, type it in the format you see in the right column.

You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the Sandbox.

Sections, paragraphs, lists and lines

What it looks like What you type

Start your sections with header lines:

Life is 10% what happens planned, so as to accept the one that is waiting for us. Only I can change my life. No one can do it for me. There isto you and 90% how you react to it. We must let go of the life we have only one happiness in this life, to love and be loved.

Links, URLs, Images

What it looks like What you type
The Godfather is a good movie.
  • First letter of target is automatically capitalized.
  • Internally spaces are automatically represented as underscores (typing an underscore has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).

Thus the link above is to, which is the article with the name "The Godfather".

[[The Godfather]] is a good movie.
Link to a section on a page, e.g.

Moby-Dick#Epilogue (links to non-existent sections aren't really broken, they are treated as links to the page, i.e. to the top)

Same target, different name ("piped link"): answers.
Same target, different name ("[[Help:Piped link|piped link]]"): 
Endings are blended into the link: machines, designing
Endings are blended into the link: [[machine]]s, [[design]]ing

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses: The Lord of the Rings.

Automatically hide namespace: Village pump.

The server fills in the part after the | when you save the page. Next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. A preview interprets the abbreviated form correctly, but does not expand it yet in the edit box. Press Save and again Edit, and you will see the expanded version. The same applies for the following feature.

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses:
[[The Lord of the Rings (movies)|]]. 

Automatically hide namespace: 
[[Wikiquote:Village pump|]].

Link to articles in other wiki projects, like Automobile (Wikipedia), novel (Wiktionary), and Hamlet (Wikisource).

A partial list of shorthand prefixes for other projects is available at List of Wikimedia wikis.

Link to articles in other wiki
projects, like
[[w:Automobile|]] (Wikipedia),
[[wikt:novel|]] (Wiktionary), and
[[wikisource:Hamlet|]] (Wikisource).
When adding a comment to a Talk page, you should sign it. You can do this by

adding three tildes for your user name:


or four for user name plus date/time:

Montrealais 08:10 Oct 5, 2002 (UTC)
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it. You can do this by
adding three tildes for your user name:
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
The weather in London is a page that doesn't exist yet.
  • You can create it by clicking on the link.

  • To create a new page:
    1. Create a link to it on some other page.
    2. Save that page.
    3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
  • Have a look at starting a new page guide and Wikipedia's naming conventions.
  • After creating a page, search for its title and make sure that everyone correctly links to it.
[[The weather in London]] is a page 
that doesn't exist yet.
Redirect one article title to another by putting text like this in its first line. This text on the United States of America page redirects browsers to United States.
#REDIRECT [[United States]]
For a special way to link to the article on the same subject in another language, see Wikipedia:Interlanguage links.  
External link: Nupedia
External link: 
[ Nupedia]
Or just give the URL:
  • In the URL all symbols must be among: A-Z a-z 0-9 ._\/~%-+&#?!=()@ \x80-\xFF. If a URL contains a different character it should be converted; for example, ^ has to be written %5E (to be looked up in ASCII).
Or just give the URL:
A picture: Wikiquote
A picture: [[Image:Wikiquote-logo-en.png]]

or, with alternate text (strongly encouraged)


Browsers render alternate text when not displaying an image -- for example, when the image isn't loaded, or in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud. See Alternate text for images for help on choosing alternate text.

Clicking on an uploaded image displays a description page, which you can also link directly to: Image:Wikiquote-logo-en.png
Similar markups are used for categories:

Plain wiki link categorizes the page under a certain category (see somewhere this page: you find a link to category "Wikiquote"). Clicking on a category link leads you to a category page, which you can also link directly in the page elsewhere to: Category:Categories

To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, or to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.

Guitar Music

Image of a Tornado

[[media:Guitare_hammer_pulloff_slide.ogg|Guitar Music]]

[[media:Tornado aircraft.jpg|Image of a Tornado]]

To link to books, you can use ISBN links.

ISBN 0123456789X

ISBN 0123456789X

Character formatting

What it looks like What you type

Emphasize, strongly, very strongly.

  • These are double and triple apostrophes, not double quotes.
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', 
'''''very strongly'''''.

You can also write italic and bold if the desired effect is a specific font style rather than emphasis, as in mathematical formulae:

F = ma
  • However, the difference between these two methods is not very important for graphical browsers, and many people choose to ignore it.
You can also write <i>italic</i> and <b>bold</b>
if the desired effect is a specific font style
rather than emphasis, as in mathematical formulas:

:<b>F</b> = <i>m</i><b>a</b>
A typewriter font for technical terms.
A typewriter font for <tt>technical terms</tt>.
You can use small text for captions.
You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.
You can strike out deleted material

and underline new material.

You can <strike>strike out deleted material</strike>
and <u>underline new material</u>.

Umlauts and accents: (See Help:Special characters)
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ

&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring; 
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml; 
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve; 
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave; 
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute; 
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil; 
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc; 
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute; 
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;

¿ ¡ « » § ¶
† ‡ • —

&iquest; &iexcl; &laquo; &raquo; &sect; &para;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &mdash;

Commercial symbols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥

£ ¤

&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen; 
&pound; &curren;
Subscript: x2

Superscript: x2 or x²

  • The latter method of superscript can't be used in the most general context, but is preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12

C² / J m.
Subscript: x<sub>2</sub>
Superscript: x<sup>2</sup> or x&sup2;

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.
Greek characters:

α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω

&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; 
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; 

&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho;  &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi; 
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;

Math characters:
∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞
≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥ →
× · ÷ ∂ ′ ″
∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø
∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇔
→ ↔
(See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Mathematics)

&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge; &rarr;
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;
&rarr; &harr;
x2   ≥   0 true.
  • To space things out, use non-breaking spaces - &nbsp;.
  • &nbsp; also prevents line breaks in the middle of text, this is useful in formulas.
<i>x</i><sup>2</sup>&nbsp;&nbsp;&ge;&nbsp;&nbsp;0 true.

Complicated formulae:

<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>

Suppressing interpretation of markup:
Link → (<i>to</i>) the [[Wikiquote:FAQ]]

  • Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
  • Escapes all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
  • Does not escape HTML character entities.
<nowiki>Link &rarr; (<i>to</i>) 
the [[Wikiquote:FAQ]]</nowiki>

Commenting page source:
not shown in page

  • Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
<!-- comment here -->


Placement of the Table of Contents (TOC)

At the current status of the wiki makup language, at least four headers automatically trigger the TOC in front of the first header (or after introductory sections). Adding __TOC__ anywhere in the page forces a TOC for pages with fewer than four headers. Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear.

HTML tables

HTML tables can be quite useful as well. For details on how to use them and discussion about when they are appropriate, see Wikipedia:How to use tables.

See also