Manuel L. Quezon
- It is true, and I am proud of it, that I once said, “I would rather have a government run like hell by Filipinos than a government run like heaven by Americans.” I want to tell you that I have, in my life, made no other remark which went around the world but that. There had been no paper in the United States, including a village paper, which did not print that statement, and I also had seen it printed in many newspapers in Europe. I would rather have a government run like hell by Filipinos than a government run like heaven by any foreigner. I said that once; I say it again, and I will always say it as long as I live.
- Speech on Civil Liberties, delivered on the occasion of the interuniversity oratorical contest held under the auspices of the Civil Liberties Union at the Ateneo auditorium, Manila, on December 9, 1939
- My loyalty to my party ends where my loyalty to my country begins.
- As quoted in John Gunther's Inside Asia. (1939)
- The Latin American people believed and feel that we Filipinos form past of that vast family, the children of Spain. Thus, although Spain ceased to govern those countries many years ago and although another nation is sovereign in the Philippines, those Latin-American peoples feel themselves as brothers to the people of the Philippines. It is the Spanish language that still binds us to those peoples, and the Spanish language will bind us to those peoples eternally if we have the wisdom and patriotism of preserving it.
- As quoted in Ambeth R. Ocampo's Chulalongkorn's Elephants: The Philippines in Asian History, Looking Back 4 (2011)
Civics and Ethics Code
As promulgated by the Manuel L. Quezón, the first President of the Philippine Commonwealth.
- Have faith in Divine Providence that guides the destinies of men and nations.
- Love your country for it is the home of your people, the seat of your affections, and the source of your happiness and well-being. Its defense is your primary duty. Be ready at all times to sacrifice and die for it if necessary.
- Respect the Constitution which is the expression of your sovereign will. The government is your government. It has been established for your safety and welfare. Obey the laws and see that they are observed by all and that public officials comply with their duties.
- Pay your taxes willingly and promptly. Citizenship implies not only rights but also obligations.
- Safeguard the purity of suffrage and abide by the decisions of the majority.
- Love and respect your parents. It is your duty to serve them gratefully and well.
- Value your honor as you value your life. Poverty with honor is preferable to wealth with dishonor.
- Be truthful and be honest in thought and in action. Be just and charitable, courteous but dignified in your dealings with your fellow men.
- Lead a clean and frugal life. Do not indulge in frivolity or pretense. Be simple in your dress and modest in your behavior.
- Live up to the noble traditions of our people. Venerate the memory of our heroes. Their lives point the way to duty and honor.
- Be industrious. Be not afraid or ashamed to do manual labor. Productive toil is conducive to economic security and adds to the wealth of the nation.
- Rely on your own efforts for your progress and happiness. Be not easily discouraged. Persevere in the pursuit of your legitimate ambitions.
- Do your work cheerfully, thoroughly, and well. Work badly done is worse than work undone. Do not leave for tomorrow what you can do today.
- Contribute to the welfare of your community and promote social justice. You do not live for yourselves and your families alone. You are a part of society to which you owe definite responsibilities.
- Cultivate the habit of using goods made in the Philippines. Patronize the products and trades of your countrymen.
- Use and develop our natural resources and conserve them for posterity. They are the inalienable heritage of our people. Do not traffic with your citizenship.
- As archived on Gov.ph (Acessed 2015)