Omar Ben Mokhtar bin Omar (20 August 1858 – 16 September 1931) was the leader of an Arab Muslim resistance against Italian forces in Libya, from 1912 untll he was captured, tried and hanged in September 1931.
- I will not leave this place until I achieve one of the two highest levels; martyrhood or victory.
- We do not surrender — we win or die.
Trial proceedings (15 September 1931)
- Quotes from Omar al-Mukhtar : The Italian Reconquest of Libya (1986) by Enzo Santarelli, Giorgio Rochat, Romain Rainero and Luigi Goglia, as translated by John Gilbert
- I never submitted to the Italian government: I only had conversations with it.
- I took part in all battles. If sometimes I was not there, the operation was likewise carried out under my orders.
- It is useless for you to ask me single facts. Whatever has been committed against Italy and the Italians for the past ten years was willed and permitted by me, whenever I did not personally take part in the acts themselves. … The raids, too, were ordered by me and some of them carried out by me.
- War is war.
- I am not sorry for what I did because it was God's will.
- From God we have come and to God we must return.
- Response after receiving the sentence of death.