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Before and after a face lift

Rhytidectomy, also known as facial lift, rhytidoplasty and more generically facelift is a type of cosmetic surgery procedure used to give a more youthful facial appearance.

Quotes on Rhytidectomy:[edit]

  • As I grow older, I reveal my character, not my death. [...] For the good of humanity, cosmetic surgery should be prohibited and facelifts should be considered a crime against humanity. (James Hillman)
  • Women are like cars. Every now and then they have to do a small service. For those of us who are always in front of the public, the State should pay for a bit of a facelift. (Loredana Bertè)
  • Words like design and facelift have a sinister sound. They say the same. The plasticization of objects and bodies, their lifeless shimmer, like fish left to die on the shore. We outline a world that we should wear like a wetsuit to fit perfectly and in which however our movements become false and slowed down, closed in a hood that takes our breath away. Remodeled bodies that inhabit and use equally remodeled places. (Roberto Peregalli)
  • This year I treated myself to a small eye lift. And while I was at it I asked that they also remove my lacrimal ducts. I didn't use them anyway. (Glee)


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  • Heinrichs, HL; Kaidi, AA (September 1998). "Subperiosteal face lift: a 200-case, 4-year review". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 102 (3): 843–55. doi:10.1097/00006534-199809030-00036. PMID 9727455.
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  • Rees, TD; Liverett, DM; Guy, CL (June 1984). "The effect of cigarette smoking on skin-flap survival in the face lift patient". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 73 (6): 911–5. doi:10.1097/00006534-198406000-00009. PMID 6728942.
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  • Moyer, JS; Baker, SR (August 2005). "Complications of rhytidectomy". Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America. 13 (3): 469–78. doi:10.1016/j.fsc.2005.04.005. PMID 16085292. S2CID 28878512.
  • Baker, DC (July 1983). "Complications of cervicofacial rhytidectomy". Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 10 (3): 543–62. doi:10.1016/S0094-1298(20)31873-3. PMID 6627843.
  • Whetzel, TP; Mathes, SJ (August 1997). "The arterial supply of the face lift flap". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 100 (2): 480–6, discussion 487–8. doi:10.1097/00006534-199708000-00033. PMID 9252619.
  • "Facelift (rhytidectomy) approach".
  • Vallecillos, Dr Glenn (4 August 2022). "Deep Plane Facelift Versus SMAS Facelift Demystified Glenn Vallecillos, MD, FACS". Retrieved 28 October 2022.
  • Joshi, Kritika; Hohman, Marc H.; Seiger, Eric (2022), "SMAS Plication Facelift", StatPearls, Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing, PMID 30285353, retrieved 28 October 2022
  • Joshi, Kritika; Hohman, Marc H.; Seiger, Eric (2022), "SMAS Plication Facelift", StatPearls, Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing, PMID 30285353, retrieved 28 October 2022
  • "Composite Facelift: Background, History of the Procedure, Problem". medscape.com. 22 November 2021.
  • "Endoscopic Facelift". Al Shunnar Plastic Surgery. Retrieved 14 June 2022.
  • New combinations of threads with surgical methods for facial rejuvenationnew combinations of threads with surgical methods for facial rejuvenation
  • Sapountzis, Stamatis; Kim, Ji Hoon; Li, Tzong-Shiun; Rashid, Abid; Cruz, Pedro Ciudad; Hwang, Yoong Soo (December 2012). "Successful treatment of thread-lifting complication from APTOS sutures using a simple MACS lift and fat grafting". Aesthetic Plast Surg. 36 (6): 1307–10. doi:10.1007/s00266-012-9975-1. PMID 23052379. S2CID 9109621.
  • Lakhani, Ashni (24 June 2021). "Non-surgical beauty treatments: Undercover on a facelift training course". BBC Three. A BBC Three documentary, Under the Skin: The Botched Beauty Business, exposes how complicated aesthetic procedures, involving needles and surgical threads, are being taught over the internet or on unsafe one-day courses.
  • Rees, TD; Aston, SJ (January 1978). "Complications of rhytidectomy". Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 5 (1): 109–19. doi:10.1016/S0094-1298(20)32193-3. PMID 639438.
  • Cohen, SR; Webster, RC (May 1983). ""How I do it"—head and neck and plastic surgery. A targeted problem and its solution. Primary rhytidectomy—complications of the procedure and anesthetic". The Laryngoscope. 93 (5): 654–6. doi:10.1002/lary.1983.93.5.654. PMID 6843261. S2CID 39904742.
  • Clevens, RA (November 2009). "Avoiding patient dissatisfaction and complications in facelift surgery". Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America. 17 (4): 515–30, v. doi:10.1016/j.fsc.2009.06.005. PMID 19900658.
  • Kamer, FM; Song, AU (October–December 2000). "Hematoma formation in deep plane rhytidectomy". Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery. 2 (4): 240–2. doi:10.1001/archfaci.2.4.240. PMID 11074716. S2CID 23335563.
  • Niamtu J, 3rd (September 2005). "Expanding hematoma in face-lift surgery: literature review, case presentations, and caveats". Dermatologic Surgery. 31 (9 Pt 1): 1134–44, discussion 1144. doi:10.1097/00042728-200509000-00012. PMID 16164866.
  • Baker, DC; Conley, J (December 1979). "Avoiding facial nerve injuries in rhytidectomy. Anatomical variations and pitfalls". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 64 (6): 781–95. doi:10.1097/00006534-197912000-00005. PMID 515227. S2CID 23475490.
  • Leist, FD; Masson, JK; Erich, JB (April 1977). "A review of 324 rhytidectomies, emphasizing complications and patient dissatisfaction". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 59 (4): 525–9. doi:10.1097/00006534-197759040-00008. PMID 847029.
  • Baker, TJ; Gordon, HL; Mosienko, P (January 1977). "Rhytidectomy: a statistical analysis". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 59 (1): 24–30. doi:10.1097/00006534-197701000-00004. PMID 831238. S2CID 220564313.
  • LeRoy JL, Rees TD, Nolan WB (March 1994). "Infections requiring hospital readmission following face lift surgery: incidence, treatment, and sequelae". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 93 (3): 533–6. doi:10.1097/00006534-199493030-00013. PMID 8115508.

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