Autonomy

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Autonomy (Ancient Greek: αὐτονομία autonomia from αὐτόνομος autonomos from αὐτο- auto- "self" + νόμος nomos, "law", hence when combined understood to mean "one who gives oneself one's own law") is a concept found in moral, political, and bioethical philosophy. Within these contexts, it is the capacity of a rational individual to make an informed, un-coerced decision. In moral and political philosophy, autonomy is often used as the basis for determining moral responsibility and accountability for one's actions.

Alphabetized by author or source:
A · B · C · D · E · F · G · H · I · J · K · L · M · N · O · P -Q · R · S · T · U · V · W · X · Y · Z · Anon · External links

A[edit]

Theodor Adorno: …and now of mere consumption, dragged along as an appendage of the process of material production, without autonomy or substance of its own. ..

B[edit]

  • Periodization is the disciplinary strategy with which the present establishes its rule over all time and encourages conformism, to the detriment of autonomy, individual and aesthetic.
    • Russell Berman in “Fiction Sets You Free: Literature, Liberty, and Western Culture” p. 20
  • It must be contemptuous of public opinion because it has within it the source of autonomy...the quest for and even discovery of the truth according to nature.

C[edit]

Terry Eagleton:We face a conflict between civilisation and culture, which used to be on the same side. Civilisation means rational reflection, material wellbeing, individual autonomy and ironic self-doubt; culture means a form of life that is customary, collective, passionate, spontaneous, unreflective and irrational.
  • We face a conflict between civilisation and culture, which used to be on the same side. Civilisation means rational reflection, material well being, individual autonomy and ironic self-doubt; culture means a form of life that is customary, collective, passionate, spontaneous, unreflective and irrational.

D[edit]

E[edit]

  • We face a conflict between civilisation and culture, which used to be on the same side. Civilisation means rational reflection, material wellbeing, individual autonomy and ironic self-doubt; culture means a form of life that is customary, collective, passionate, spontaneous, unreflective and irrational.

F[edit]

G[edit]

Gilpin specializes in political economy and international relations, especially the effect of multinational corporations on state autonomy.
  • It is highly reprehensible, both in a moral sense and in its almost total contempt for the personal integrity and autonomy of the female victim and for the latter's privilege of choosing those with whom intimate relationships are to be established.
  • The upper technologies of knowledge representation and acquisition, autonomy and sociality, support product innovation and provide the beginnings of foundations for knowledge science. Well's dream of a world brain making available all of human knowledge is well on its way to realization and it is in the representation, acquisition, and access and effective application of that knowledge that the commercial potential and socio-economic impact of convergence lies.
  • The deepest problems of modern life derive from the claim of the individual to preserve the autonomy and individuality of his existence in the face of overwhelming social forces, of historical heritage, of external culture and of the technique of life.

H[edit]

  • The grimaces on these mocking distorted faces signalize disobedience, opposition and turmoil, as well as a kind of childlike autonomy in the depraved world of adults.

I[edit]

  • In inexhaustible good nature is one of the most precious gifts of heave, spreading itself like oil over the trouble sea of thought, and keeping the mind smooth and equable in the roughest weather.
  • He wants a better product rather than freedom from servitude to it. It is vital that he come to see that the acceleration he demands is self-defeating, and that it must result in a further decline of equity, leisure, and autonomy.

J[edit]

Carl Jung:… the individual will never find the real justification for his existence and his own spiritual and moral autonomy, anywhere except in an extramundane principle capable of relativizing the overpowering influence of external factors.
  • Just as a man, as a social being, can not in the long run exist without a tie to the community, so the individual will never find the real justification for his existence and his own spiritual and moral autonomy, anywhere except in an extramundane principle capable of relativizing the overpowering influence of external factors.

K[edit]

Immanuel Kant: Morality is thus the relation of actions to the autonomy of the will, that is, to a possible giving of universal law through its maxims.
  • Morality is thus the relation of actions to the autonomy of the will, that is, to a possible giving of universal law through its maxims.

L[edit]

M[edit]

Hans Morgenthau: Intellectually, the political realist maintains the autonomy of the political sphere, as the economist, the lawyer, the moralist maintain theirs.
  • The individual would be free to exert autonomy over a life that would be his own. If the productive apparatus could be organized and directed toward satisfaction of the vital needs, its control might well be centralized, such control would not prevent individual autonomy, but render it possible.
  • There exists at present a living body, which is my body... I am one of those philosophers who have held that that ‘the Common Sense view of the world’ is in certain fundamental features, wholly true.
  • George Edward Moore, in “A Defense of Common Sense” quoted in The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Reid p. 319

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

  • The idea that men are created free and equal is both true and misleading: men are created different; they lose their social freedom and their individual autonomy in seeking to become like each other.

S[edit]

  • Autonomy has never been recognized as a legally protectable interest. It has been vindicated only as byproduct of protection of two other interests – bodily security as protected by rules against consented contact, and bodily well-being as protected by rules governing professional competence.
    • Marjorie Shultz, in "Informed Consent : Legal Theory and Clinical Practice: Legal Theory and ..." p147
  • Again, it reduces someone's moral responsibility and intellectual autonomy to a racial stereotype — that all blacks are innocent victims who cannot be held responsible for their beliefs or arguments; or that all blacks are so oppressed that any bigotry they utter is permissible.
  • Autonomy is traditionally regarded as the instrument of agency for individuals who are perceived as separate, independent and fully rationale.
    • Susan Sherwin, in "Informed Consent : Legal Theory and Clinical Practice: Legal Theory and ..." p. 32
  • I have always been a strong supporter of patient’s autonomy in decision-making, particularly at the end of life and believe that this should be respected. By the same token, the doctor involved in the end-of-life decisions also has his autonomy to consider.

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

  • My parents have a wonderful marriage, but they have been together since my mother was 12, married when they were just teenagers and are barely ever separated. They even work together. As a result, I have always thought of marriage as involving the loss of a certain amount of autonomy.

W[edit]

Simone Weil: It is only the impossible that is possible for God. He has given over the possible to the mechanics of matter and the autonomy of his creatures.
  • It is only the impossible that is possible for God. He has given over the possible to the mechanics of matter and the autonomy of his creatures.

X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Anonymous[edit]

  • Autonomy itself is not the monolithic concept it is sometimes imagined to be; as flower, instead of being simply an American Beauty, autonomy would be more of a varietal that come in several hues.
    • Anonymous, in "Informed Consent : Legal Theory and Clinical Practice: Legal Theory and ..." p. 147

External links[edit]

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