Criticism is the activity of judgement or informed interpretation. In literary and academic contexts, the term most frequently refers to literary criticism, art criticism, or other such fields, and to scholars' attempts to understand the aesthetic object in depth.
- I am bound by my own definition of criticism: a disinterested endeavour to learn and propagate the best that is known and thought in the world.
- Matthew Arnold, Essays in Criticism, 1st Series, 'The Function of Criticism at the Present Time.
- We should never let support blind us, or become a substitute for continuing to be both self-critical, and dedicated to our goals. We should not be dissuaded by our critics, but we should be able to honestly ask ourselves if there is anything to learn from them. Hopefully, the fact that sympathizers and critics are taking notice means that we are actually doing something.
- Arik Ascherman, Pursue Justice Whether You Are Praised, or Vilified (September 6, 2019), The Times of Israel.
- Whatever else he may do, a critic reveals and criticises himself.
- Alfred Austin, In Veronica's Garden (London: Macmillan and Co., 1895), p. 91.
- CRITIC, n. A person who boasts himself hard to please because nobody tries to please him.
- Ambrose Bierce, The Cynic's Dictionary (1906); republished as The Devil's Dictionary (1911).
- NONSENSE, n. The objections that are urged against this excellent dictionary.
- Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary (1911).
- In all of history, we have found just one cure for error—a partial antidote against making and repeating grand, foolish mistakes, a remedy against self-deception. That antidote is criticism.
- He was in Logic, a great critic,
Profoundly skill'd in Analytic;
He could distinguish, and divide
A hair 'twixt south and south-west side.
- Samuel Butler, Hudibras, Part I (1663-64), Canto I, line 65.
- I am not a critic; to me criticism is so often nothing more than the eye garrulously denouncing the shape of the peephole that gives access to hidden treasure.
- Djuna Barnes, in "The Songs of Synge : The Man Who Shaped His Life as He Shaped His Plays", in New York Morning Telegraph (18 February 1917).
- Criticism, whatever may be its pretensions, never does more than to define the impression which is made upon it at a certain moment by a work wherein the writer himself noted the impression of the world which he received at a certain hour.
- James Branch Cabell, in The Certain Hour (1916).
- I love criticism as long as it is unqualified praise.
- Those who are esteemed umpires of taste are often persons who have acquired some knowledge of admired pictures or sculptures, and have an inclination for whatever is elegant; but if you inquire whether they are beautiful souls, and whether their own acts are like fair pictures, you learn that they are selfish and sensual.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson, “The Poet,” Essays, Second Series (1883), p. 9
- Whenever you feel like criticizing any one... just remember that all the people in this world haven't had the advantages that you've had.
- To study Buddhism and then use it as a weapon in order to criticize others' theories or ideologies is wrong. The very purpose of religion is to control yourself, not to criticize others. Rather, we must criticize ourselves. How much am I doing about my anger? About my attachment, about my hatred, about my pride, my jealousy? These are the things which we must check in daily life with the knowledge of the Buddhist teachings.
- Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama, in "A Talk to Western Buddhists", in The Dalai Lama, A Policy of Kindness: An Anthology by and about the Dalai Lama (1990) edited by Sidney Piburn, p. 87
- Parodies and caricatures are the most penetrating of criticisms.
- Aldous Huxley, Point Counter Point, Chapter 28.
- Critics should never socialize with artists; it’s difficult enough to like their work in the first place.
- Alexander Jablokov, At the Cross-Time Jaunters’ Ball (1987), reprinted in Gardner Dozois (ed.), The Year's Best Science Fiction: Fifth Annual Collection, p. 101
- “Ah, ‘The Suffering Critic.’ A work to gladden the heart of any artist.”
- Alexander Jablokov, At the Cross-Time Jaunters’ Ball (1987), reprinted in Gardner Dozois (ed.), The Year's Best Science Fiction: Fifth Annual Collection, p. 106
- We must grant the artist his subject, his idea, his donné: our criticism is applied only to what he makes of it.
- Henry James, The Art of Fiction, 'Partial Portraits.'
- 'Tis not the wholesome sharp morality,
Or modest anger of a satiric spirit,
That hurts or wounds the body of a state,
But the sinister application
Of the malicious, ignorant, and base
Interpreter; who will distort and strain
The general scope and purpose of an author
To his particular and private spleen.
- Ben Jonson, The Poetaster (1601), Act V, scene 1.
- One would think that an unsuccessful volume was like a degree in the school of reviewing. One unread work makes the judge bitter enough ; but a second failure, and he is quite desperate in his damnation. I do believe one half of the injustice — the severity of 'the ungentle craft' originates in its own want of success ; they cannot forgive the popularity which has passed them over.
- Critics are sentinels in the grand army of letters, stationed at the corners of newspapers and reviews, to challenge every new author.
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Kavanagh: A Tale (1849), Chapter XIII.
- The modern proliferation of theoretical means and critical methods barely conceals the fact that we still allow ourselves to write about these works only within the narrowest disciplinary boundaries. We move from rigorous scholarship (the phrase is already too obvious) to ideological commitments that often seem, even when they are put forward in the name of History, to have forgotten the perils of devotion to an idea; to some straitened notion of pleasure; to the fantasy that some new science of rhetorical displacements will finally release us from the cold regime of the final signified. We have plenty of psychoanalytic criticism, formalist criticism, ideological criticism, etc., but where is our fear criticism? our despair criticism? our disgust criticism? our criticism of resentment? of petty ambition? of treachery, deceit, jealousy, hysterical rage? Nowhere in sight; and yet it would hardly require much effort to discover them all just beneath the thin civility of the strictest critical decorum. Then what if we were able to pursue critical fear, to identify critics with their fear, to prove that service to the text is driven by jealous desires, horrified resentment, abject loathing.
- Paul Mann, "Masocriticism," SubStance, Vol. 23, No. 3, Issue 75 (1994), pp. 3-29
- Indessen ist das gerade wieder der Vorzug der neuen Richtung, daß wir nicht dogmatisch die Welt antizipieren, sondern erst aus der Kritik der alten Welt die neue finden wollen. ... Ist die Konstruktion der Zukunft und das Fertigwerden für alle Zeiten nicht unsere Sache, so ist desto gewisser, was wir gegenwärtig zu vollbringen haben, ich meine die rücksichtslose Kritik alles Bestehenden, rücksichtslos sowohl in dem Sinne, daß die Kritik sich nicht vor ihren Resultaten fürchtet und ebensowenig vor dem Konflikte mit den vorhandenen Mächten.
- We do not dogmatically anticipate the world, but only want to find the new world through criticism of the old one. ... If constructing the future and settling everything for all times are not our affair, it is all the more clear what we have to accomplish at present: I am referring to ruthless criticism of all that exists, ruthless both in the sense of not being afraid of the results it arrives at and in the sense of being just as little afraid of conflict with the powers that be.
- Criticism has plucked the imaginary flowers on the chain not in order that man shall continue to bear that chain without fantasy or consolation, but so that he shall throw off the chain and pluck the living flower.
- Karl Marx, “A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right” (1843)
- The weapon of criticism cannot, of course, replace criticism by weapons.
- Karl Marx, Complete Works, vol. 3, p. 182
- Eminem: I tried to show you art, but you just pick it apart.
- People ask you for criticism, but they only want praise.
- W. Somerset Maugham, Of Human Bondage, Chapter 50.
- It is not necessary to judge and ridicule when, thank God, you have not passed the path that I have. To them, as always, I wish everyone good and every honor...
- Darko Miličić, As quoted in "Darko Responds To Carmelo About '03 Draft: 'Not Necessary To Ridicule'" (31 March 2020), 97.1 The Ticket
- Whoever criticizes others must have something to replace them. Criticism without suggestion is like trying to stop flood with flood and put out fire with fire. It will surely be without worth.
- Mozi Book 4; Universal Love III
- Ten censure wrong for one who writes amiss.
- The generous Critic fann'd the Poet's fire,
And taught the world with reason to admire.
- When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw,
The line too labours, and the words move slow.
- A perfect Judge will read each work of Wit
With the same spirit that its author writ:
Survey the Whole, nor seek slight faults to find
Where nature moves, and rapture warms the mind.
- In every work regard the writer's End,
Since none can compass more than they intend;
And if the means be just, the conduct true,
Applause, in spite of trivial faults, is due.
- Be not the first by whom the new are tried,
Nor yet the last to lay the old aside.
- Ah, ne'er so dire a thirst of glory boast,
Nor in the Critic let the Man be lost.
- It is not the critic who counts, not the man who points out how the strong man stumbled, or where the doer of deeds could have done better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena; whose face is marred by the dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs and comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error or shortcoming; who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions and spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best, knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who, at worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly; so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who know neither victory or defeat.
- Never judge a critic by your agreement with his likes and dislikes.
- George Saintsbury, A History of Criticism and Literary Taste in Europe from the Earliest Texts to the Present Day, Vol. 3, p. 644.
- Criticism is not religion, and by no process can it be substituted for it. It is not the critic's eye but the child's heart that most truly discerns the countenance that looks out from the pages of the Gospel.
- John Campbell Shairp, Culture and Religion (Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas, 1870), Lecture V: "Religion Combining Culture with Itself", p. 105.
- In such a time as this it is not meet
That every nice offence should bear his comment.
- Better a little chiding than a great deal of heartbreak.
- For 'tis a physic
That's bitter to sweet end.
- For I am nothing, if not critical.
- One who rejects a rebuke goes astray.
- Solomon, Proverbs 10:17
- Whoever loves discipline loves knowledge, but those who hate to be rebuked are stupid.
- Solomon, Proverbs 12:1
- Let dull critics feed upon the carcases of plays; give me the taste and the dressing.
- Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, letter to Philip Stanhope, his natural son (February 6, 1752); in The Letters of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (1932), vol. 5, p. 1826.
- Unbridled criticism affects your life. Forever. It becomes a part of the pattern that designs the fabric of your suffering. The torturer and the tortured, married in painful redefinition, marking indelibly the way you live and die, the way you perform your art.
- Donald Sutherland, "The Wretched Jibes That Sear my Soul," The London Times (June 22, 2000)
- In the proudest nations of the Old World works were published which faithfully portrayed the vices and absurdities of contemporaries; La Bruyère lived in Louis XIV’s palace while he wrote his chapter on the great, and Molière criticized the court in plays acted before the courtiers. But the power which dominates in the United States does not understand being mocked like that. The least reproach offends it, and the slightest sting of truth turns it fierce; and one must praise everything, from the turn of its phrases to its most robust virtues. No writer, no matter how famous, can escape from this obligation to sprinkle incense over his fellow citizens. Hence the majority lives in a state of perpetual self-adoration; only strangers or experience may be able to bring certain truths to the Americans’ attention.
- Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America (oiginally published in 1835–1840, edition of 1969, translated by George Lawrence), J. P. Mayer, ed., volume 1, part 2, chapter 7, p. 256.
- How is he made? Oftentimes bitter, sometimes sweet, seldom even wide-awake, architectural criticism of "the modern" wholly lacks inspiration or any qualification because it lacks the appreciation that is love: the flame essential to profound understanding. Only as criticism is the fruit of such experience will it ever be able to truly appraise anything. Else the spirit of true criticism is lacking. The spirit is love and love alone can understand. So art criticism is sour and superficial today because it would seem to know all about everything but understand nothing.
- Frank Lloyd Wright, A Testament (1957), p 159
- You only silence critics when you have something to hide.
- In the ideological field, the question of who will win in the struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie has not been really settled yet. We still have to wage a protracted struggle against bourgeois and petty bourgeois ideology. It is wrong not to understand this and to give up ideological struggle. All erroneous ideas, all poisonous weeds, all ghosts and monsters, must be subjected to criticism; in no circumstance should they be allowed to spread unchecked. However, the criticism should be fully reasoned, analytical and convincing, and not rough, bureaucratic, metaphysical or dogmatic.
- In many ways, the work of a critic is easy. We risk very little yet enjoy a position over those who offer up their work and their selves to our judgment. We thrive on negative criticism, which is fun to write and to read. But the bitter truth we critics must face, is that in the grand scheme of things, the average piece of junk is more meaningful than our criticism designating it so. But there are times when a critic truly risks something, and that is in the discovery and defense of the new. The world is often unkind to new talent, new creations, the new needs friends... Not everyone can become a great artist, but a great artist can come from anywhere.
- It is the critic's duty, I believe, to deliver honest opinions to posterity on the immediate experience of viewing movies, hoping that successors will respect their honest opinions and find them useful, rather than sneer at their insensitivity.
- Philip French The Observer, March 5 2006.
- ...there is no longer any serious antagonism between critics, film distributors and moviemakers... we are now... welcomed respectfully by publicists, our notices, as they used to be called, filleted for favourable comments, but generally disregarded. In these placid days one looks back nostalgically to the anger an unfavourable review could elicit.
- Philip French, The Observer March 19 2006.
- There were a lot of working professionals who were just sort of appalled at our attitude and probably at our punkish disrespect for mainstream, predominantly superhero, comics in general. They didn't think it was legitimate to criticize comics in that sort of high-toned way. Mainstream creators took a certain degree of pride in their work, but it was pride in them from the perspective of hard-core fans, and they weren't really imposing standards on them, other than craft standards, which had devolved from the history of comics—and the history of comics is mostly just a history of crap. So when we came in and applied these "exalted" standards to comics, creators were, frankly, pissed off.
- Gary Groth BookForum Summer 2006.
- The trick to writing comics criticism meant for an audience beyond the cult, I think—and, really, if the criticism is good enough and is in any kind of a general-interest venue, the audience will come—is subtle exposition: I try to write for a general audience, and give them everything they need to know, without making it look like I'm explaining something esoteric. In a lot of ways, the long comics reviews I write are just book reviews; I figure out a hook or some kind of engaging way of addressing the subject, I assess the thing in question, and I don't make a big deal out of the fact that it's a comic, any more than Kael would hem and haw over the fact that what she was reviewing was a motion picture.
- Douglas Wolk Graphic Language May 17 2006.
- ...using the language of film suggests that comics are somehow subordinate to film as a discipline: a movie that doesn't move.
- Douglas Wolk Graphic Language May 17 2006.
- The most useful criticism in any art [form] is new work done with the same tools [as previous art].
- John Szarkowski Art In America 94.5, (May 2005).
Hoyt's New Cyclopedia Of Practical Quotations
- Quotes reported in Hoyt's New Cyclopedia Of Practical Quotations (1922), p. 149-52.
- When I read rules of criticism, I immediately inquire after the works of the author who has written them, and by that means discover what it is he likes in a composition.
- Joseph Addison, Guardian, No. 115.
- A man must serve his time to every trade
Save censure—critics all are ready made.
Take hackney'd jokes from Miller, got by rote,
With just enough of learning to misquote;
A mind well skill'd to find or forge a fault;
A turn for punning, call it Attic salt;
To Jeffrey go, be silent and discreet,
His pay is just ten sterling pounds per sheet;
Fear not to lie, 'twill seem a lucky hit;
Shrink not from blasphemy, 'twill pass for wit;
Care not for feeling—pass your proper jest,
And stand a critic, hated yet caress'd.
- Lord Byron, English Bards and Scotch Reviewers, line 63.
- As soon
Seek roses in December—ice in June,
Hope, constancy in wind, or corn in chaff;
Believe a woman or an epitaph,
Or any other thing that's false, before
You trust in critics.
- Lord Byron, English Bards and Scotch Reviewers, line 75.
- Dijó la sarten á la caldera, quitate allá ojinegra.
- Said the pot to the kettle, "Get away, blackface."
- Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote (1605-15), II. 67.
- Who shall dispute what the Reviewers say?
Their word's sufficient; and to ask a reason,
In such a state as theirs, is downright treason.
- Charles Churchill, Apology, line 94.
- Though by whim, envy, or resentment led,
They damn those authors whom they never read.
- Charles Churchill, The Candidate, line 57.
- A servile race
Who, in mere want of fault, all merit place;
Who blind obedience pay to ancient schools,
Bigots to Greece, and slaves to musty rules.
- Charles Churchill, The Rosciad (1761), line 183.
- But spite of all the criticizing elves,
Those who would make us feel—must feel themselves.
- Charles Churchill, The Rosciad (1761), line 961.
- Reviewers are usually people who would have been poets, historians, biographers, etc., if they could: they have tried their talents at one or the other, and have failed; therefore they turn critics.
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lectures on Shakespeare and Milton, p. 36.
- Too nicely Jonson knew the critic's part,
Nature in him was almost lost in art.
- Collins, Epistle to Sir Thomas Hanmer on his Edition of Shakespeare.
- There are some Critics so with Spleen diseased,
They scarcely come inclining to be pleased:
And sure he must have more than mortal Skill,
Who pleases one against his Will.
- William Congreve, The Way of the World, Epilogue.
- La critique est aisée, et l'art est difficile.
- Criticism is easy, and art is difficult.
- Philippe Néricault Destouches, Glorieux, II, 5.
- The press, the pulpit, and the stage,
Conspire to censure and expose our age.
- Wentworth Dillon, Essay on Translated Verse, line 7.
- You know who critics are?—the men who have failed in literature and art.
- Benjamin Disraeli, Lothair, Chapter XXXV.
- It is much easier to be critical than to be correct.
- Benjamin Disraeli, speech in the House of Commons (Jan 24, 1860).
- The most noble criticism is that in which the critic is not the antagonist so much as the rival of the author.
- Isaac D'Israeli, Curiosities of Literature, Literary Journals.
- Those who do not read criticism will rarely merit to be criticised.
- Isaac D'Israeli, Literary Character of Men of Genius, Chapter VI.
- Ill writers are usually the sharpest censors.
- John Dryden, Dedication of translations from Ovid.
- They who write ill, and they who ne'er durst write,
Turn critics out of mere revenge and spite.
- John Dryden, Prologue to Conquest of Granada.
- All who (like him) have writ ill plays before,
For they, like thieves, condemned, are hangmen made,
To execute the members of their trade.
- John Dryden, Prologue to Rival Queens.
- "I'm an owl: you're another. Sir Critic, good day." And the barber kept on shaving.
- James T. Fields, The Owl-Critic.
- Blame where you must, be candid where you can,
And be each critic the Good-natured Man.
- Oliver Goldsmith, The Good-Natured Man, Epilogue.
- Reviewers are forever telling authors they can't understand them. The author might often reply: Is that my fault?
- J. C. and A. W. Hare, Guesses at Truth.
- The readers and the hearers like my books,
And yet some writers cannot them digest;
But what care I? for when I make a feast,
I would my guests should praise it, not the cooks.
- Sir John Harrington, Against Writers that Carp at other Men's Books.
- When Poets' plots in plays are damn'd for spite,
They critics turn and damn the rest that write.
- John Haynes—Prologue. in Oxford and Cambridge Miscellany Poems. Ed. by Elijah Fenton.
- Unmoved though Witlings sneer and Rivals rail;
Studious to please, yet not ashamed to fail.
- Samuel Johnson, Prologue to Tragedy of Irene.
- Lynx envers nos pareils, et taupes envers nous.
- Lynx-eyed toward our equals, and moles to ourselves.
- Jean de La Fontaine, Fables, I. 7.
- A wise scepticism is the first attribute of a good critic.
- James Russell Lowell, Among My Books, Shakespeare Once More.
- Nature fits all her children with something to do,
He who would write and can't write, can surely review;
Can set up a small booth as critic and sell us his
Petty conceit and his pettier jealousies.
- James Russell Lowell, Fable for Critics.
- In truth it may be laid down as an almost universal rule that good poets are bad critics.
- Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, Criticisms on the Principal Italian Writers, Dante.
- The opinion of the great body of the reading public is very materially influenced even by the unsupported assertions of those who assume a right to criticise.
- Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, Mr. Robert Montgomery's Poems.
- To check young Genius' proud career,
The slaves who now his throne invaded,
Made Criticism his prime Vizier,
And from that hour his glories faded.
- Thomas Moore, Genius and Criticism, Stanza 4.
- And you, my Critics! in the chequer'd shade,
Admire new light thro' holes yourselves have made.
- Alexander Pope, Dunciad, Book IV, line 125.
- I lose my patience, and I own it too,
When works are censur'd, not as bad but new:
While if our Elders break all reason's laws,
These fools demand not pardon but Applause.
- Alexander Pope, Second Book of Horace, Epistle I, line 115.
- For some in ancient books delight,
Others prefer what moderns write;
Now I should be extremely loth
Not to be thought expert in both.
- Matthew Prior, Alma.
- Die Kritik nimmt oft dem Baume
Raupen und Blüthen mit einander.
- Criticism often takes from the tree
Caterpillars and blossoms together.
- Jean Paul Richter, Titan, Zykel 105.
- Criticism often takes from the tree
- When in the full perfection of decay,
Turn vinegar, and come again in play.
- Sackville (Earl of Dorset), address to Ned Howard. Quoted in Dryden's Dedication to translation of Ovid.
- Reviewers, with some rare exceptions, are a most stupid and malignant race. As a bankrupt thief turns thief-taker in despair, so an unsuccessful author turns critic.
- Percy Bysshe Shelley, Fragments of Adonais.
- A poet that fails in writing becomes often a morose critic; the weak and insipid white wine makes at length excellent vinegar.
- William Shenstone, On Writing and Books.
- Of all the cants which are canted in this canting world—though the cant of hypocrites may be the worst—the cant of criticism is the most tormenting.
- Laurence Sterne, Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, (Orig. ed.), Volume III, Chapter XII. "The cant of criticism." Borrowed from Sir Joshua Reynolds, Idler, Sept. 29, 1759.
- For, poems read without a name,
We justly praise, or justly blame;
And critics have no partial views,
Except they know whom they abuse.
And since you ne'er provoke their spite,
Depend upon't their judgment's right.
- Jonathan Swift, On Poetry, line 129.
- For since he would sit on a Prophet's seat,
As a lord of the Human soul,
We needs must scan him from head to feet,
Were it but for a wart or a mole.
- Alfred Tennyson, The Dead Prophet, Stanza XIV.
- Critics are like brushers of noblemen's clothes.
Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895)
Quotes reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. 168.
- Why will you be always sallying out to break lances with other people's wind-mills, when your own is not capable of grinding corn for the horse you ride?
- Grant me patience, just Heaven! Of all the cants which are canted in this canting world — though the cant of hypocrites may be the worst — the cant of criticism is the most tormenting.
- An over-readiness to criticise or to depreciate a minister of Christ is proof of a lack of devotion to Christ.