Islam and other religions

From Wikiquote
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Over the centuries of Islamic history, Muslim rulers, Islamic scholars, and ordinary Muslims have held many different attitudes towards other religions. Attitudes have varied according to time, place and circumstance.

Quotes[edit]

  • Islam stands in a long line of Semitic, prophetic religious traditions that share an uncompromising monotheism, and belief in God's revelation, His prophets, ethical responsibility and accountability, and the Day of Judgement. Indeed, Muslims, like Christians and Jews, are the Children of Abraham, since all trace their communities back to him. Islam's historic religious and political relationship to Christendom and Judaism has remained strong throughout history. This interaction has been the source of mutual benefit.
    • John L. Esposito, Islam, The Straight Path, Oxford University Press, 1988, pp. 3-4.
  • In many ways, local populations [Christians, Jews, and others] found Muslim rule more flexible and tolerant than that of Byzantium and Persia. Religious communities were free to practice their faith to worship and be governed by their religious leaders and laws in such areas as marriage, divorce, and inheritance. In exchange, they were required to pay tribute, a poll tax (jizya) that entitled them to Muslim protection from outside aggression and exempted them from military service. Thus, they were called the “protected ones” (dhimmi). In effect, this often meant lower taxes, greater local autonomy....
    • John L. Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988 (1st edition)
  • Even a little knowledge of Islam will show that its religion is not only tolerant of other faiths, but most respectful, and indeed, fully accepts the divine inspiration of all theistic faiths that came before Islam. It does not only teach tolerance to its followers, but goes a step further and enjoins on them all to create the godly quality of "Hilm," that is, tolerance, forbearance, patience, calmness, and forgiveness. It is due to the spirit of tolerance of Islam that even the smallest Christian and Jewish minorities survived and kept all their doctrines during the thousand years of Muslim rule. Nothing like what happened to Muslims in Spain after the Christian conquest has ever happened to a non-Muslim Faith in any Islamic dominion.
    • Aga Khan III, Volume 2 of Aga Khan III: Selected Speeches and Writings of Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah
  • Children of any religion who have true faith must realize that God is the only One who knows all of everything. Therefore, only God can judge whether a person has faith, certitude, and determination or not and whether a person lives with that purity that can be called Islam or not. No one else can give that judgment. Do not wave your religion like a banner and go out to capture others. Only one kind of war is permissible in the eyes of God: the war you wage within yourself to defeat the demonic forces of lust, anger, jealousy, desire for revenge, and other evil feelings and attributes that may exist within your heart. God has sent each of the prophets as witnesses to the grace of God and as supports to help us in this inner war. This is the reason for the Qur'an. It is to help the true Muslim fight this inner battle and win victory over his own base desires that God sent the Messenger with the Qur'an.
  • I was told that the last injunction the apostle [Muhammad] gave [before his death] was in his words `Let not two religions be left in the Arabian peninsula."
    • Source: Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad, trans. A. Guillaume (1955; reprint, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987), p. 689.
  • The Apostle of Allah said, "I will certainly expel the Jews and the Christians from Arabia "
    • Source: Abu Dawud, Sunan (New Delhi: Kitab Bhavan, 1997), vol. 2, Hadith no. 3024, p. 861.

Quran[edit]

  • Not all of them are alike: Of the People of the Book are a portion that stand (For the right): They rehearse the Signs of God all night long, and they prostrate themselves in adoration.
    • al-Imran 3:113
  • If only the People of the Book had believed and been righteous, We should indeed have blotted out their iniquities and admitted them to gardens of bliss.
    • al-Ma`idah 5:65
  • If only they had stood fast by the Law, the Gospel, and all the revelation that was sent to them from their Lord, they would have enjoyed happiness from every side. There is from among them a party on the right course: but many of them follow a course that is evil
    • al-Ma`idah 5:66
  • Those who believe (in the Qur'an), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians and the Christians,- any who believe in God and the Last Day, and work righteousness,- on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
    • al-Ma`idah 5:69
  • Say: "O people of the Book! exceed not in your religion the bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the truth, nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by,- who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the even way.
    • al-Ma`idah 5:77
  • Those who believe (in the Qur'an), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians, Christians, Magians, and Polytheists,- God will judge between them on the Day of Judgment: for God is witness of all things.
    • al-Hajj 22:17
  • Luqman admonished his son. ‘My son’, he said, ‘serve no other God instead of Allah, for idolatry is an abominable sin.’
    • Quran Surah 31: ayat 13.

Quotes about Islam and polytheism[edit]

  • It is here that Indians build temples for Mohammedans and Christians; nowhere else. If you go to other countries and ask Mohammedans or people of other religions to build a temple for you, see how they will help. They will instead try to break down your temple and you too if they can.
    • Swami Vivekananda. Complete Works (3.114)
  • To the Mussulman, the Jews or the Christians are not object of extreme detestation; they are at the worst, men of little faith; but not so the Hindu. According to him the Hindu is idolatrous, the hateful Kafir. Hence in this life he deserves to be butchered and in the next, eternal hell is in store for him. The utmost the Mussulman kings could do as a favour to the (Hindu) priestly class - the spiritual guides of these Kafirs - was to allow them somehow to pass their life silently and wait for the last moment. This was again sometimes considered too much kindness. If the religious ardour of any king was a little more uncommon, there would immediately follow arrangements for a great Yajna by way of Kafir- slaughter.
    • Swami Vivekananda. Complete Works (4.446)
  • In Qubã’ there was an unmarried Muslim woman and he noticed that a man used to come to her in the middle of the night and knock on her door; she would come out and he would give her something. He felt very suspicious of him and asked her what was the meaning of this nightly performance as she was a Muslim woman without a husband. She told him that he was Sahl b. Hunayf b. Wãhib who knew that she was all alone and he used to break up the idols of his tribe at night and bring her the pieces to use as fuel…
    • Ibn Ishãq, Sîrat Rasûl Allãh, translated into English by A. Gillaumne, OUP, Karachi, Seventh Impression.Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II
  • “There were graves of the idolaters, dilapidated buildings and date trees [in the garden]. The Prophet gave the order and the graves of the idolaters were dug out, the dilapidated buildings levelled [with the ground], and the date trees cut down.”
    • According to a tradition from Anas b. Mãlik. Translated from the Urdu version of SaHîh Bukhãrî Sharîf, New Delhi, 1984, Vol. I, p. 240. See also the Urdu version of Sunn Nasãî Sharîf, New Delhi, 1986, Vol. I, p. 240, and Tãrîkh-i-Tabarî, Vol. I, Sîrat an-Nabî, Karachi (n.d), p. 145. (Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II)
  • Had you seen Muhammad and his troops
    The day the idols were smashed when he entered,
    You would have seen God’s light become manifest
    And darkness covering the face of idolatry.”
    • FaDãla b. al-Mulãwwih al-Laythî , in : Ibn Ishãq, Sîrat Rasûl Allãh, translated into English by A. Gillaumne, OUP, Karachi, Seventh Impression.Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II
  • Hubal “was pulled down and used as a doorstep when the Prophet conquered Mecca and purified the Ka’bah.”
    • Cyril Glasse, The Concise Encyclopaedia of Islam, London, 1989.(Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II)
  • “The other stones which were worshipped as idols were actually used as cornerstones of the Ka‘ba and as such we must consider also the Maqãm Ibrahîm.”
    • First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936, Leiden, 1987. (Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II)
  • At the same time, “The proclaimer authorised by the apostle of Allãh went throughout Mecca calling upon all those who believe in Allãh and the Last Day to leave no idol unbroken in their homes.”...Having “purified” Mecca, the Prophet sent “expeditions to those idols which were in the neighbourhood and had them destroyed; these included al-‘Uzzã, Manãt, Suwã‘, Buãna and Dhu’l-Kaffayn.”
    • Tabqãt-i-Ibn Sa‘d, Translated from ‘Alãma Abdullãh al-Ahmdî’s Urdu version of Tabqãt-i-ibn Sa‘d, Karachi, (n.d.). (Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II)
  • The Prophet instructed Khãlîd, “In whatever settlement you do not hear the azãn or see no mosque, slaughter the people of that place.”
    • Tabqãt-i-Ibn Sa‘d, Translated from ‘Alãma Abdullãh al-Ahmdî’s Urdu version of Tabqãt-i-ibn Sa‘d, Karachi, (n.d.). (Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II)
  • We shall fight as long as we live
    Till you turn to Islam, humbly seeking refuge.
    We will fight not caring whom we meet
    Whether we destroy ancient holdings or newly gotten gains.
    How many tribes assembled against us
    Their finest stock and allies!
    They came at us thinking they had no equal
    And we cut off their noses and ears
    With our fine polished Indian swords,
    Driving them violently before us
    To the command of God and Islam,
    Until religion is established, just and straight, and
    Al-Lat and al-‘Uzza and Wudd are forgotten
    And we plunder them of their necklaces and earrings.
    For they had become established and confident,
    And he who cannot protect himself must suffer disgrace.
    • Ka’b b. Malik prior to the siege at Ta’if (in Arabia), about two years prior to Muhammad’s death. Quoted in Ernest Hahn, Jihad in Islam
  • “It is related that on the morning of conception the idols in all the inhabited quarters of the earth were overturned…”
    • The Rauzat-us-Safa, or Garden of Purity by Muhammad bin Khavendshah bin Mahmud translated into English by E. Rehatsek, first published 1893, Delhi Reprint 1982. (Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II)
  • The prophet “ordered his glorious companions to fell the date-trees and to destroy the vineyards of the neighbourhood” ... “It is related in some biographies that while the siege of Tãyf was being carried on, his holy and prophetic lordship appointed A’li Murtadza with a number of glorious companions to make excursions into the country, and to destroy every idol they could find… Thereon A’li, the Commander of the Faithful… destroyed all the idols of the Bani Hoãzãn and Bani Thaqyf which were in that region. …”
    • The Rauzat-us-Safa, or Garden of Purity by Muhammad bin Khavendshah bin Mahmud translated into English by E. Rehatsek, first published 1893, Delhi Reprint 1982. (Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II)
  • I smashed RuDã’ so completely that
    I left it a black ruin in a hollow.
    • Al-Mustaughir b. Rabî‘a, in : Ibn Ishãq, Sîrat Rasûl Allãh, translated into English by A. Gillaumne, OUP, Karachi, Seventh Impression.Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II
  • When the Apostle of God captured Mecca and the Arabs embraced Islam, among the delegates who came to pay their homage was Jarir ibn-'Abdullah. He came to the Apostle and embraced Islam before him. Thereupon the Apostle addressed him saying, "O Jarir! Wilt thou not rid me of dhu-al-Khalasah?" Jarir replied, "Yea." So the Apostle dispatched him to destroy it. He set out until he got to the banu-Abmas of the Bajilah [tribe] and with them he proceeded to dhu-al-Khalasah. There he was met by the Khath'am and the Bahilah, who resisted him and attempted to defend dhu-al-Khalasah. He, therefore, fought them and killed a hundred men of the Bahilah, its custodians, and many of the Khath'am; while of the banu-Qubafah ibn-'Amir ibn-Khath'am he killed two hundred. having defeated them and forced them into flight, he demolished the building which stood over dhu-al-Khalasah and set it on fire. A certain woman of the banu-Khath'am thereupon said:
    "The banu-Umamah, each wielding his spear,
    Were slaughtered at al-Wahyab, their abode;
    They came to defend their shrine, only to find
    Lions with brandished swords clamoring for blood.
    The women of the Khath'am were, then, humiliated
    By the men of the Abmas, and abased."
    At the present time dhu-al-Khalassah constitutes the threshold of the gate of the mosque at Tabalab.
    • The Muslim historian Hisham Ibn Al-Kalbi.−Ibn-Al-Kalbi, Hisham, The Book of Idols, pp. 31–2
  • In the Pre-Islamic Period of Ignorance there was a house called Dhu-l-Khalasa or Al-Ka'ba Al-Yamaniya or Al-Ka'ba Ash-Shamiya. The Prophet said to me, "Won't you relieve me from Dhu-l-Khalasa?" So I set out with one-hundred-and-fifty riders, and we dismantled it and killed whoever was present there. Then I came to the Prophet and informed him, and he invoked good upon us and Al-Ahmas (tribe).
  • I studied the Koran a great deal. I came away from that study with the conviction there have been few religions in the world as deadly to men as that of Muhammad. So far as I can see, it is the principal cause of the decadence so visible today in the Muslim world and, though less absurd than the polytheism of old, its social and political tendencies are in my opinion to be feared, and I therefore regard it as a form of decadence rather than a form of progress in relation to paganism itself.

Quotes about Islam and Buddhism[edit]

  • Bolshevism combines the characteristics of the French Revolution with those of the rise of Islam. … Among religions, Bolshevism is to be reckoned with Mohammedanism rather than with Christianity and Buddhism. Christianity and Buddhism are primarily personal religions, with mystical doctrines and a love of contemplation. Mohammedanism and Bolshevism are practical, social, unspiritual, concerned to win the empire of the world.
    • Bertrand Russell, "The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism", (London, 1920), pp. 5, 114-115
  • I have informed myself better about Buddhism and I found that, unlike Muslims, with their an-eye-for-an-eye and a-tooth-for-a-tooth, and unlike Christians who speak of forgiveness but invented Hell, Buddhists never use the word "enemy". I have found that they have never made converts with violence, they have never made territorial conquests through the pretext of religion, and they don't have the concept of Holy War. Some deny this. They deny that Buddhism is a peaceful religion... Each family includes people of bad character. But even they recognize that the bad character of those warrior monks was not used to proselytize, and admit that the history of Buddhism does not record a ferocious Saladin or popes like Leo IX or Urban II or Innocent II or Pius II or Julius II... Yet the children of Allah also fight the Buddhists. They blow up their statues, they prevent them from practising their religion.

Quotes about Islam and Zoroastrianism[edit]

  • News arrived from Estakhan that the fire of the chief temple of Persia, which had burned for a thousand years, had become extinguished [at the time of the birth of Muhammad].
    • Rauzat-us-Safa, or Garden of Purity by Muhammad bin Khavendshah bin Mahmud translated into English by E. Rehatsek, first published 1893, Delhi Reprint 1982, Quoted in in Goel, S. R. (1993). Hindu temples: What happened to them. Vol. II
  • Who routed infidel armies and destroyed them with bloody slaughter?
    Who put out and made cold the sacred flame in Iran?

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about: