Charles I of England

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Princes are not bound to give an account of their Actions but to God alone.

Charles I (November 19, 1600 – January 30, 1649) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from March 27, 1625, until his execution in 1649. He famously engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England.


  • Be your holiness persuaded that I am, and ever shall be, of such moderation as to keep aloof, as far as possible, from every undertaking which may testify any hatred towards the Roman Catholic religion. Nay, rather I will seize all opportunities, by a gentle and generous mode of conduct, to remove all sinister suspicions entirely; so that, as we all confess one undivided Trinity and one Christ crucified, we may be banded together unanimously into one faith.
    • Letter to Pope Gregory XV (20 April 1623).
    • Sir Charles Petrie (ed.), The Letters...of King Charles I (1935), p. 16.
  • Princes are not bound to give an account of their Actions but to God alone.
    • Declaration on the dissolution of Parliament (10 March 1628)
  • Since I see all the birds are flown, I do expect from you that you will send them unto me as soon as they return hither. But, I assure you on the word of a king, I never did intend any force, but shall proceed against them in a legal and fair way, for I never meant any other.
    • Statement in the House of Commons after failing to arrest five members (4 January 1642), from the journal of Sir Simonds d'Ewes
  • For the people. And truly I desire their Liberty and Freedom as much as any Body whomsoever. But I must tell you, That their Liberty and Freedom, consists in having of Government; those Laws, by which their Life and their goods may be most their own. It is not for having a share in government (Sir) that is nothing pertaining to them. A subject and a sovereign are clean different things, and therefore until they do that, I mean, that you do put the people in that liberty as I say, certainly they will never enjoy themselves.
    Sirs, It was for this that now I Have come here. If I would have given way to an Arbitrary way, for to have all Laws changed according to the power of the Sword, I needed not to have come here; and therefore, I tell you, (and I pray God it be not laid to your charge) That I Am the Martyr of the People.
  • I go from a corruptible to an incorruptible Crown, where no disturbance can be, no disturbance in the World.

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