Lisbon Treaty

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The Treaty of Lisbon or Lisbon Treaty (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement that amends the two treaties which comprise the constitutional basis of :European Union (EU). The Lisbon Treaty was signed by the EU member states on 13 December 2007, and entered into force on 1 December 2009. It amends the Treaty on European Union (TEU; also known as the Maastricht Treaty) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (TEC; also known as the Treaty of Rome). In this process, the Rome Treaty was renamed to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The Treaty of Lisbon is a replacement for the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (European Constitution), since the latter failed ratification in France and the Netherlands in 2005.


  • That's what it's like when people have crawled very high up in a tree, then they sometimes need help to get down with ladders and ropes and other instruments.
    • Anders Fogh Rasmussen, commenting on potential face-saving deals for Poland, 21 June 2007 Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag of his threat to move on without Poland.
  • "What this means for us is that we are moving out of stoppage. We managed to get all 27 states on board in the end."
Angela Merkel, 23 June 2007 [1]
  • The way [UK, Poland and other governments] insisted in denying every emotional aspect of Europe [flag, anthem, motto] hurt me (...) And then it is those same governments who complain that the idea of Europe is distant from the people. But how can you involve citizens without involving their emotions?
Romano Prodi, 24 June 2007 [ Un'Europa senza cuore abbiamo fatto un passo indietro (24 June 2007)

Reform Treaty and the rejected Constitution[edit]

  • "The constitutional treaty was an easily understandable treaty. This is a simplified treaty which is very complicated."
Jean-Claude Juncker, 23 June 2007 [1]
  • "If it's a Yes, we will say 'on we go', and if it's a No we will say 'we continue'."
Jean-Claude Juncker, on the 2005 French referendum on the Lisbon Treaty[2]
  • “The fundamentals of the Constitution have been maintained in large part … We have renounced everything that makes people think of a state, like the flag and the national anthem.”
Angela Merkel, El País, 25 June 2007.
  • “The good thing is that all the symbolic elements are gone, and that which really matters – the core – is left."
Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Jyllands-Posten, 25 June 2007.
  • “This was France’s idea from the start.”
Nicolas Sarkozy, Libération, 25 June 2007.
  • “[The mandate approved by the EU] will preserve the substance of the constitutional treaty.”
Frank-Walter Steinmeier, German foreign minister, Agence Europe, 25 June 2007.
  • “There’s nothing from the original institutional package that has been changed.”
Astrid Thors, Finland’s Europe minister, TV-nytt, 23 June 2007.
  • "A great part of the content of the European Constitution is captured in the new treaties … Everyone has conceded a little so that we all gain a lot.”
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, El País, 25 June 2007.
  • “This text is, in fact, a rerun of a great part of the substance of the constitutional treaty.”
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, in his blog, 25 June 2007 [3] [4]
  • "For the commission the key goal was to save as much as possible from the 2004 text. On reading and rereading the new text, one can safely conclude that most has been preserved. The essentials have been retained."
an official at the Commission's legal service, which helped in the drafting of texts, 25 June 2007[5]
  • "The Constitution will have another name but the same content.
    Therefore it should also be put for Referendums."
Jens-Peter Bonde, Danish MEP, 28 June 2007 [6]
  • "Many claim that the Lisbon treaty and the Constitution are 90% identical. Well, the DNA of mice and humans is 90% the same - but the remaining 10% is rather important. The point is that the idea of repealing all the existing treaties and replacing them with a new 'constitution' has been dropped in favour of keeping the existing treaties and simply amending them." :: Richard Corbett MEP, Labour spokesman on EU constitutional questions and European Parliament rapporteur on Lisbon Treaty, on BBC website 3 August 2007

  • "The real casualty was idealism: losing the symbols of our Union and replacing the relative simplicity of the Constitutional Treaty with bureaucratic opaqueness is a pity. As a result, your new Amending Treaty reads like the instructions for building a Japanese pagoda translated into English by the Chinese middle-man."
Graham Watson, MEP and leader of the ALDE group, 27 June 2007[7]
  • "I am astonished at those who are afraid of the people: one can always explain that what is in the interest of Europe is in the interests of our countries."
    "Britain is different. Of course there will be transfers of sovereignty. But would I be intelligent to draw the attention of public opinion to this fact?"
    "There is a single legal personality for the EU, the primacy of European law, a new architecture for foreign and security policy, there is an enormous extension in the fields of the EU's powers, there is Charter of Fundamental Rights."
Jean-Claude Juncker, Le Soir [8][9]


  1. a b EU leaders hammer out treaty deal. Swissinfo / NZZ (24 June 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  2. Rennie, David (26 May 2005). "Keep up the pressure for a No vote, Left warned". The Telegraph (UK). Retrieved on 29 June 2011. 
  3. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing: Conclusions du Conseil européen de Bruxelles, 21 et 22 juin 2007, 25 June 2007
  4. Bruno Waterfield and George Jones: Brown under pressure to call EU referendum, Telegraph, 27 June 2007
  5. Bruno Waterfield and George Jones: Brown under pressure to call EU referendum, Telegraph, 27 June 2007
  6. Jens-Peter Bonde: Between Montesquieu, Merkel and Macciavelli – Bonde's Briefing, 28 June 2007
  7. 3. European Council meeting of 21-22 June 2007 - Activity report of the German Presidency (report and statements followed by debate) European Parliament. Accessed 1 July 2007.
  8. L'invité du lundi Jean-Claude Juncker : « Succès objectif, déception atmosphérique », 2 July 2007, Le Soir, 2 July 2007, page 18
  9. Bruno Waterfield, Brendan Carlin: 'Don't tell British about the EU treaty', Telegraph, 3 July 2007

External links[edit]

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