Frantz Omar Fanon (20 July 1925 – 6 December 1961) was a psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionist and author from Martinique. He was influential in the field of post-colonial studies and was perhaps the pre-eminent thinker of the 20th century on the issue of decolonization and the psychopathology of colonization. His works have inspired anti-colonial liberation movements for more than four decades.
Black Skin, White Masks (1952)
Peau noire, masques blancs
- "Dirty nigger!" or simply "Look! A Negro!"
- opening line of "The Lived Experience of the Black Man"
- I came into this world anxious to uncover the meaning of things, my soul desirous to be at origin of the world, and here I am an object among other objects.
- "The Lived Experience of the Black Man"
The Wretched of the Earth (1961)
Les Damnés de la Terre
- The famous dictum which states that all men are equal will find its illustration in the colonies only when the colonized subject states he is equal to the colonist.
- as translated by Richard Philcox (2004), p. 9
- From birth it is clear to him that this narrow world, strewn with prohibitions, can only be called in question by absolute violence.
- p. 37.
- The Church in the colonies is the white people’s Church, the foreigner’s Church. She does not call the native to God’s ways but to the ways of the white man, of the master, of the oppressor.
- p. 42.
- When the native hears a speech about Western culture he pulls out his knife—or at least he makes sure it is within reach. The violence with which the supremacy of white values is affirmed and the aggressiveness which has permeated the victory of these values over the ways of life and of thought of the native mean that, in revenge, the native laughs in mockery when Western values are mentioned in front of him.
- p. 43.
- The living expression of the nation is the collective consciousness in motion of the entire people.